July 23, 2016

Self-Neglect

MedicineNet - Self-Neglect

Self-Neglect Symptoms & Signs

Medical Author:

Self-neglect implies the inability or unwillingness to attend to one's personal needs or hygiene. It may manifest in different ways, such as not attending to one's nutrition, hygiene, clothing, or acting appropriately to care for medical conditions. Self-neglect can occur as a result of dementia, brain damage, or mental illnesses like depression or psychotic disorders. Some people who suffer from self-neglect may engage in unhealthy behaviors such as substance use or abuse, tobacco use, promiscuity, or inappropriate use of prescription medications. The list of conditions associated with self-neglect is very broad, and treatment options depend upon the precise cause of self-neglect. Antipsychotic and antidepressant medications are used when certain mental illnesses are the cause. Extreme self-neglect has been referred to as Diogenes syndrome.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/9/2014

Health concern on your mind? Visit the Symptom Checker.

REFERENCES:

Longo, Dan, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.

Pavlou, M.P., and M.S. Lachs. "Self-neglect in Older Adults: a Primer for Clinicians." J Gen Intern Med 23.11 Nov. 2008: 1841-1846.


Terms related to Self-Neglect:

  • Diogenes Syndrome
  • Neglecting Oneself
Causes of Self-Neglect
    • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alcoholism Article
      • Alcohol use disorder facts
      • What is alcohol abuse?
      • What is alcoholism?
      • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
      • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
      • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
      • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
      • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
      • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
      • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
      • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
      • Is there a safe level of drinking?
      • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
      • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
      • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
      • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
      • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
      • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
    • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Alzheimer's Disease Article
      • Alzheimer's disease facts
      • What is Alzheimer's disease?
      • What's the difference between Alzheimer's disease and dementia?
      • Who's at risk for getting Alzheimer's disease?
      • Ten warning signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
      • What are the stages of Alzheimer's disease?
      • What causes Alzheimer's disease?
      • How Alzheimer's disease diagnosed?
      • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease patients?
      • Alzheimer's disease medications
      • Non-drug based treatments for Alzheimer's disease
      • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease
      • What is the prognosis for a person with Alzheimer's disease?
      • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
    • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
      In This Article
      Bipolar Disorder Article
      • Bipolar disorder facts
      • What is bipolar disorder?
      • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
      • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
      • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
      • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
      • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose bipolar disorder?
      • What illnesses coexist with bipolar disorder?
      • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
      • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
      • What are complications and the prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
      • Is it possible to prevent bipolar disorder?
      • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder, bipolar disorder support groups, and doctors who treat it?
      • Where can people find support to help them or someone they know cope with bipolar disorder?
    • Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Article
      • Brain damage introduction
      • What are the types of brain damage and how severe are they?
      • What causes brain damage?
      • What are the symptoms of brain damage?
      • How are brain damage and brain injuries treated?
      • Can I prevent brain injuries?
    • Brain Tumor A brain tumor can be either benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors...learn more »
      In This Article
      Brain Tumor Article
      • Brain tumor facts*
      • What is the brain?
      • What are the tumor grades and types?
      • Tumor grade
      • Types of primary brain tumors
      • What are the risk factors for brain tumors?
      • What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
      • How are brain tumors diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a brain tumor?
      • What type of surgery is available for brain tumors?
      • Radiation therapy for brain tumors
      • Chemotherapy for brain tumors
      • What about a second opinion for brain tumor treatment?
      • Nutrition during brain tumor treatment
      • What supportive care is available for patients and caregivers?
      • What about rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment?
      • What about follow-up care after brain tumor treatment?
      • Sources of support
      • Taking part in cancer research
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD generally appears in the later...learn more »
      In This Article
      Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Article
      • What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)?
      • What are the symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
      • How is CJD diagnosed?
      • How is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease treated?
      • What causes Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
      • How is CJD transmitted?
      • How can people avoid spreading Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
      • What Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease research is taking place?
      • How can I help Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease research?
      • Where can I get more information?
    • Dementia Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dementia Article
      • Dementia facts
      • What is dementia?
      • What causes dementia?
      • How is dementia diagnosed?
      • What are the stages of dementia?
      • What are the early signs and symptoms of dementia?
      • What are the risk factors for dementia?
      • What is the treatment for dementia?
      • Can dementia be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis and life expectancy for someone with dementia?
      • What are the different types of dementia?
      • How does one cope with being the caretaker of someone with dementia?
    • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
      In This Article
      Depression Article
      • Depression facts
      • What is a depressive disorder?
      • What are myths about depression?
      • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
      • Depression symptoms and signs in men
      • Depression symptoms and signs in women
      • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
      • Depression symptoms and signs in children
      • What are the risk factors and causes of depression?
      • Postpartum depression
      • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose depression?
      • What treatments are available for depression?
      • What is the general approach to treating depression?
      • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
      • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
      • What are complications of depression?
      • What is the prognosis for depression?
      • Is it possible to prevent depression?
      • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
      • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
      • Where can one seek help for depression?
      • What is in the future for depression?
      • Where can people find more information about depression?
    • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Drug Abuse Article
      • Drug use disorder facts
      • What is drug use disorder?
      • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
      • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug use disorders?
      • What are causes and risk factors for developing a drug use disorder?
      • What are warning signs that you or a loved one may have a drug use disorder?
      • What are symptoms and signs of drug use disorder?
      • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose drug addiction?
      • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
      • What are complications of drug addiction?
      • What is the prognosis of drug use disorder?
      • Is it possible to prevent drug abuse and addiction?
      • Where can people get more information and help for drug use disorders?
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
      In This Article
      Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
      • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
      • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
      • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
      • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
      • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
      • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
      • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
      • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
      • When should antiviral therapy be started?
      • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
      • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
      • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
      • What are protease inhibitors?
      • What are fusion inhibitors?
      • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
      • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
      • What HIV drugs are in development?
      • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
      • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
      • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
      • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
      • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
      • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
      • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
      • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
    • Huntington's Disease Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...learn more »
      In This Article
      Huntington's Disease Article
      • Introduction to Huntington's disease
      • What causes Huntington's disease?
      • How is Huntington's disease inherited?
      • What are the symptoms and major effects of Huntington's disease?
      • At what age does Huntington's disease appear?
      • How is Huntington's disease diagnosed?
      • What is presymptomatic testing?
      • How is the presymptomatic test conducted?
      • How does a person decide whether to be tested?
      • Is there a treatment for Huntington's disease?
      • What kind of care does an individual with Huntington's disease need?
      • What community resources are available for Huntington's disease?
      • What research is being done on Huntington's disease?
      • How can I help?
      • What is the role of voluntary organizations?
      • Where can I get more information about Huntington's disease?
    • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Parkinson's Disease Article
      • Parkinson's disease facts
      • What is Parkinson's disease?
      • What causes Parkinson's disease?
      • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
      • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
      • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
      • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
      • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
      • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
      • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis of Parkinson's disease?
    • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
      In This Article
      Postpartum Depression Article
      • Postpartum depression facts
      • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
      • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
      • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
      • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
      • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
      • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
      • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
      • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
      • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
      • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
    • Psychotic Disorders Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. Different types of psychotic disorders include:...learn more »
      In This Article
      Psychotic Disorders Article
      • Psychotic disorder facts
      • What are the different types of psychotic disorders?
      • How common are psychotic disorders?
      • What are causes and risk factors for psychotic disorders in children, teenagers, and adults?
      • What are psychotic disorder symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose psychotic disorders?
      • What are the treatments for psychotic disorders?
      • What are potential complications of medications used to treat psychotic disorders?
      • Is it possible to treat psychotic disorders without medication?
      • What are complications and the prognosis of psychotic disorders?
      • Is it possible to prevent psychotic disorders?
      • Where can people find additional information about psychotic disorders or specialists who treat it?
    • Schizoaffective Disorder Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that features schizophrenia and a mood disorder, either major depression or bipolar...learn more »
      In This Article
      Schizoaffective Disorder Article
      • Schizoaffective disorder facts
      • What is schizoaffective disorder?
      • What are the different types of schizoaffective disorder?
      • What are causes and risk factors for schizoaffective disorder?
      • What are symptoms and signs of schizoaffective disorder?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose schizoaffective disorder?
      • What are criteria for diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder?
      • What is the treatment for schizoaffective disorder? Are there home remedies for schizoaffective disorder?
      • What are complications of schizoaffective disorder?
      • What is the prognosis of schizoaffective disorder?
      • Is it possible to prevent schizoaffective disorder?
      • Are there support groups for schizoaffective disorder?
      • Where can people find more information on schizoaffective disorder?
    • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Schizophrenia Article
      • Schizophrenia facts
      • What is the definition of schizophrenia?
      • How common is schizophrenia in children?
      • What is the history of schizophrenia?
      • What are schizophrenia causes? Is schizophrenia hereditary?
      • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose schizophrenia? Are there particular tests that detect schizophrenia?
      • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
      • What are potential complications of schizophrenia? What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
      • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
      • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia? How can people find a support group, specialists who treat the illness, or other assistance for schizophrenia?
    • Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by odd behaviors, feelings, perceptions, and ways of relating to others that...learn more »
      In This Article
      Schizotypal Personality Disorder Article
      • Schizotypal personality disorder facts
      • What is schizotypal personality disorder?
      • What are causes and risk factors for schizotypal personality disorder?
      • What are schizotypal personality disorder symptoms and signs?
      • What tests diagnose schizotypal personality disorder?
      • What is the treatment for schizotypal personality disorder?
      • What are complications of schizotypal personality disorder? What is the prognosis of schizotypal personality disorder?
      • Is it possible to prevent schizotypal personality disorder?
      • Where can people get more information on schizotypal personality disorder?
    • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
      In This Article
      Stroke Article
      • Stroke facts
      • What is a stroke?
      • What are the different types of stroke?
      • What causes a stroke?
      • What are the risk factors for stroke?
      • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
      • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
      • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
      • How is a stroke diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for stroke?
      • What is the prognosis for stroke?
      • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
      • What is stroke rehabilitation?
      • Can strokes be prevented?
Other Causes of Self-Neglect
Examples of Medications for Self-Neglect


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List



Emotional Wellness

Get tips on therapy and treatment.

advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations