font size

Septic Arthritis (cont.)

Medical Author:
Medical Editor:
Medical Editor:

What microbes cause septic arthritis?

Septic arthritis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The most common causes of septic arthritis are bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae. In certain "high-risk" individuals, other bacteria may cause septic arthritis, such as E. coli and Pseudomonas spp. in intravenous drug abusers and the elderly, Neisseria gonorrhoeae in sexually active young adults, and Salmonella spp. in young children or in people with sickle cell disease. Other bacteria that can cause septic arthritis include Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the spirochete bacterium that causes Lyme disease.

Viruses that can cause septic arthritis include hepatitis A, B, and C, parvovirus B19, herpes viruses, HIV (AIDS virus), HTLV-1, adenovirus, coxsackie viruses, mumps, and ebola. Fungi that can cause septic arthritis include Histoplasma, Coccidioides, and Blastomyces.

Who is at risk of developing septic arthritis?

While joint infection occasionally affects people with no known predisposing risk factors, it more commonly occurs when certain risk situations are present. Risks for the development of septic arthritis include taking medications that suppress the immune system, intravenous drug abuse, past joint disease, injury, or surgery, and underlying medical illnesses including diabetes, alcoholism, sickle cell disease, rheumatic diseases, and immune deficiency disorders. People with any of these conditions who develop symptoms of septic arthritis should promptly seek medical attention.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/22/2014

Patient Comments

Viewers share their comments

Septic Arthritis - Treatment Question: What was the treatment for your septic arthritis?
Septic Arthritis - Symptoms Question: What were the symptoms of your septic arthritis?
Septic Arthritis - Experience Question: Please describe your experience with septic arthritis.
Septic Arthritis - Diagnosis Question: What tests and exams did you have that led to a diagnosis of septic arthritis?
Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/septic_arthritis/article.htm

Arthritis

Get the latest treatment options

Septic Arthritis Related Articles
advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations