"Nov. 6, 2012 -- The FDA has approved Pfizer's Xeljanz (tofacitinib), a first-of-its-kind treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.
Xeljanz is approved for use by patients not helped by methotrexate, the usual first treatment for RA. It's a "...
(golimumab) Injection, for Subcutaneous Use
SERIOUS INFECTIONS AND MALIGNANCY
Patients treated with SIMPONI® are at increased risk for developing serious infections that may lead to hospitalization or death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Most patients who developed these infections were taking concomitant immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or corticosteroids.
Discontinue SIMPONI if a patient develops a serious infection.
Reported infections with TNF-blockers, of which SIMPONI is a member, include:
- Active tuberculosis, including reactivation of latent tuberculosis. Patients with tuberculosis have frequently presented with disseminated or extrapulmonary disease. Test patients for latent tuberculosis before SIMPONI use and during therapy. Initiate treatment for latent TB prior to SIMPONI use.
- Invasive fungal infections including histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, candidiasis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis and pneumocystosis. Patients with histoplasmosis or other invasive fungal infections may present with disseminated, rather than localized, disease. Antigen and antibody testing for histoplasmosis may be negative in some patients with active infection. Consider empiric anti-fungal therapy in patients at risk for invasive fungal infections who develop severe systemic illness.
- Bacterial, viral, and other infections due to opportunistic pathogens, including Legionella and Listeria.
Consider the risks and benefits of treatment with SIMPONI prior to initiating therapy in patients with chronic or recurrent infection.
Monitor patients closely for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with SIMPONI, including the possible development of tuberculosis in patients who tested negative for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating therapy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported in children and adolescent patients treated with TNF blockers, of which SIMPONI is a member [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
SIMPONI (golimumab) is a human IgG1κ monoclonal antibody specific for human tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) that exhibits multiple glycoforms with molecular masses of approximately 150 to 151 kilodaltons. SIMPONI was created using genetically engineered mice immunized with human TNF, resulting in an antibody with human-derived antibody variable and constant regions. SIMPONI is produced by a recombinant cell line cultured by continuous perfusion and is purified by a series of steps that includes measures to inactivate and remove viruses.
The SIMPONI drug product is a sterile solution of the golimumab antibody supplied as either a single dose prefilled syringe (with a passive needle safety guard) or a single dose prefilled autoinjector. The Type 1 glass syringe has a coated stopper. The fixed stainless steel needle (5 bevel, 27G, half-inch) is covered with a needle shield to prevent leakage of the solution through the needle and to protect the needle during handling to subcutaneous administration. The needle shield is made of a dry natural rubber containing latex.
SIMPONI does not contain preservatives. The solution is clear to slightly opalescent, colorless to light yellow with a pH of approximately 5.5. SIMPONI is provided in two strengths: 50 mg of the golimumab antibody in 0.5 mL of solution and 100 mg of the golimumab antibody in 1 mL of solution. In the 50 mg strength, 0.5 mL of SIMPONI contains 50 mg of the golimumab antibody, 0.44 mg of L-histidine and L-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate, 20.5 mg of sorbitol, 0.08 mg of polysorbate 80, and Water for Injection. In the 100 mg strength, 1 mL of SIMPONI contains 100 mg of the golimumab antibody, 0.87 mg of L-histidine and L-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate, 41.0 mg of sorbitol, 0.15 mg of polysorbate 80, and Water for Injection.
What are the possible side effects of golimumab (Simponi, Simponi SmartJect)?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using golimumab and call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms of lymphoma:
- fever, night sweats, weight loss, tiredness;
- feeling full after eating only a small amount;
- pain in your upper stomach that may spread to your shoulder;
- easy bruising or bleeding, pale skin, feeling light-headed or short of breath, rapid heart rate;...
What are the precautions when taking golimumab injection (Simponi Injection)?
See also Warnings section.
Before using golimumab, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as natural rubber/latex), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bone marrow problems (such as low red/white blood cells and platelets), certain brain/nerve disorders (such as multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome), cancer, current/recent/repeated infections (including fungal, hepatitis B, tuberculosis), heart disease (especially congestive heart failure), lupus, seizures.
Golimumab can make you more likely...
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/9/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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