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Sinemet

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Sinemet

Side Effects
Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The most common adverse reactions reported with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) have included dyskinesias, such as choreiform, dystonic, and other involuntary movements, and nausea.

The following other adverse reactions have been reported with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) :

Body as a Whole

Chest pain, asthenia.

Cardiovascular

Cardiac irregularities, hypotension, orthostatic effects including orthostatic hypotension, hypertension, syncope, phlebitis, palpitation.

Gastrointestinal

Dark saliva, gastrointestinal bleeding, development of duodenal ulcer, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dyspepsia, dry mouth, taste alterations.

Hematologic

Agranulocytosis, hemolytic and non-hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia.

Hypersensitivity

Angioedema, urticaria, pruritus, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, bullous lesions (including pemphigus-like reactions).

Musculoskeletal

Back pain, shoulder pain, muscle cramps.

Nervous System/Psychiatric

Psychotic episodes including delusions, hallucinations, and paranoid ideation, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS, see WARNINGS), bradykinetic episodes ("on-off" phenomenon), confusion, agitation, dizziness, somnolence, dream abnormalities including nightmares, insomnia, paresthesia, headache, depression with or without development of suicidal tendencies, dementia, pathological gambling, increased libido including hypersexuality, impulse control symptoms. Convulsions also have occurred; however, a causal relationship with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) has not been established.

Respiratory

Dyspnea, upper respiratory infection.

Skin

Rash, increased sweating, alopecia, dark sweat.

Urogenital

Urinary tract infection, urinary frequency, dark urine.

Laboratory Tests

Decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit; abnormalities in alkaline phosphatase, SCOT (AST), SGPT (ALT), lactic dehydrogenase, bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), Coombs test; elevated serum glucose; white blood cells, bacteria, and blood in the urine.

Other adverse reactions that have been reported with levodopa alone and with various carbidopa-levodopa formulations, and may occur with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) are:

Body as a Whole

Abdominal pain and distress, fatigue.

Cardiovascular

Myocardial infarction.

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal pain, dysphagia, sialorrhea, flatulence, bruxism, burning sensation of the tongue, heartburn, hiccups.

Metabolic

Edema, weight gain, weight loss.

Musculoskeletal

Leg pain.

Nervous System/Psychiatric

Ataxia, extrapyramidal disorder, falling, anxiety, gait abnormalities, nervousness, decreased mental acuity, memory impairment, disorientation, euphoria, blepharospasm (which may be taken as an early sign of excess dosage; consideration of dosage reduction may be made at this time), trismus, increased tremor, numbness, muscle twitching, activation of latent Homer's syndrome, peripheral neuropathy.

Respiratory

Pharyngeal pain, cough.

Skin

Malignant melanoma (see also CONTRAINDICATIONS), flushing.

Special Senses

Oculogyric crises, diplopia, blurred vision, dilated pupils.

Urogenital

Urinary retention, urinary incontinence, priapism.

Miscellaneous

Bizarre breathing patterns, faintness, hoarseness, malaise, hot flashes, sense of stimulation.

Laboratory Tests

Decreased white blood cell count and serum potassium; increased serum creatinine and uric acid; protein and glucose in urine.

Read the Sinemet (carbidopa-levodopa) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Caution should be exercised when the following drugs are administered concomitantly with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) .

Symptomatic postural hypotension occurred when SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) was added to the treatment of a patient receiving antihypertensive drugs. Therefore, when therapy with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

For patients receiving MAO inhibitors (Type A or B), see CONTRAINDICATIONS. Concomitant therapy with selegiline and carbidopa-levodopa may be associated with severe orthostatic hypotension not attributable to carbidopa-levodopa alone (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

There have been rare reports of adverse reactions, including hypertension and dyskinesia, resulting from the concomitant use of tricyclic antidepressants and SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) .

Dopamine D2 receptor antagonists (e.g., phenothiazines, butyrophenones, risperidone) and isoniazid may reduce the therapeutic effects of levodopa. In addition, the beneficial effects of levodopa in Parkinson's disease have been reported to be reversed by phenytoin and papaverine. Patients taking these drugs with SINEMET (carbidopa-levodopa) should be carefully observed for loss of therapeutic response.

Iron salts may reduce the bioavailability of levodopa and carbidopa. The clinical relevance is unclear.

Although metoclopramide may increase the bioavailability of levodopa by increasing gastric emptying, metoclopramide may also adversely affect disease control by its dopamine receptor antagonistic properties.

Read the Sinemet Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/28/2011
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Side Effects
Interactions
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Sinemet - User Reviews

Sinemet User Reviews

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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