"Scientists at the National Institutes of Health report they have discovered in mouse studies that a small molecule released in the spinal cord triggers a process that is later experienced in the brain as the sensation of itch.
Ingestion in Pediatric Patients
In order to prevent ingestion, SKLICE Lotion should only be administered to pediatric patients under the direct supervision of an adult.
Patient Counseling Information
"See FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION)". Inform the patient and caregiver of the following instructions:
- Apply SKLICE Lotion to dry scalp and dry scalp hair.
- Avoid contact with eyes.
- Do not swallow SKLICE Lotion.
- Keep out of reach of children. Use on children should be under the direct supervision of an adult.
- For single use only; do not retreat.
- Discard tube after use.
- Wash hands after applying SKLICE Lotion.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of SKLICE Lotion or ivermectin.
Ivermectin had no adverse effects on fertility in rats at repeated oral doses of up to 3.6 mg/kg/day.
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category C
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies with SKLICE Lotion in pregnant women. SKLICE Lotion should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
No comparisons of animal exposure with human exposure are provided due to the low systemic exposure noted in the clinical pharmacokinetic study [see CLINICAL PHARMCOLOGY].
There are published reports of oral ivermectin use during human pregnancy. In an open label study, 397 women in their second trimester of pregnancy were treated with ivermectin tablets and albendazole at the labeled dose rate for soil-transmitted helminths and compared with a pregnant, non-treated population. No differences in pregnancy outcomes were observed between treated and untreated populations.
Systemic embryofetal development studies were conducted in mice, rats and rabbits. Oral doses of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 mg/kg/day ivermectin were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6-15) to pregnant female mice. Maternal death occurred at 0.4 mg/kg/day and above. Cleft palate occurred in the fetuses from the 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 mg/kg/day groups. Exencephaly was seen in the fetuses from the 0.8 mg/kg group. Oral doses of 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg/day ivermectin were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6-17) to pregnant female rats. Maternal death and pre-implantation loss occurred at 10 mg/kg/day. Cleft palate and wavy ribs were seen in fetuses from the 10 mg/kg/day group. Oral doses of 1.5, 3, and 6 mg/kg/day ivermectin were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6-18) to pregnant female rabbits. Maternal toxicity and abortion occurred at 6 mg/kg/day. Cleft palate and clubbed forepaws occurred in the fetuses from the 3 and 6 mg/kg groups. These teratogenic effects were found only at or near doses that were maternally toxic to the pregnant female. Therefore, ivermectin does not appear to be selectively fetotoxic to the developing fetus.
Following oral administration, ivermectin is excreted in human milk in low concentrations. This has not been evaluated following topical administration. Caution should be exercised when SKLICE Lotion is administered to a nursing woman.
The safety of SKLICE Lotion has not been established in pediatric patients below the age of 6 months. SKLICE Lotion is not recommended in pediatric patients under six months of age because of the potential increased systemic absorption due to a high ratio of skin surface area to body mass and the potential for an immature skin barrier and risk of ivermectin toxicity.
Clinical studies of SKLICE Lotion did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
Last reviewed on RxList: 2/22/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Sklice Information
- Sklice Drug Interactions Center: ivermectin top
- Sklice Side Effects Center
- Sklice FDA Approved Prescribing Information including Dosage
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
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