Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers
John Mersch, MD, FAAP
Dr. Mersch received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego, and prior to entering the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, was a graduate student (attaining PhD candidate status) in Experimental Pathology at USC. He attended internship and residency at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
David Perlstein, MD, MBA, FAAP
Dr. Perlstein received his Medical Degree from the University of Cincinnati and then completed his internship and residency in pediatrics at The New York Hospital, Cornell medical Center in New York City. After serving an additional year as Chief Pediatric Resident, he worked as a private practitioner and then was appointed Director of Ambulatory Pediatrics at St. Barnabas Hospital in the Bronx.
- How much sleep do children need?
- Can a lack of sleep impact a child's behavior?
- What is sleep hygiene?
- What are some common sleep disorders in children?
- Sleep Apnea symptoms in children
- Parasomnia symptoms in children
- Confusional arousal symptoms in children
- Night terror symptoms in children
- Narcolepsy symptoms in children
- Sleepwalking symptoms in children
- Do teenagers have the same sleep requirements as younger children?
- How can I teach my child or teenager healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene?
- What are some ways I can help my child or teenager get a better night's sleep?
- What are some "dont's" for getting my child or teen to sleep?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
How much sleep do children need?
Just as with adults, the amount of sleep children need varies with both age and unique needs of the individual. Below are general guidelines for children of various ages. Should your child be happy and thriving - but need more or fewer hours of sleep than indicated - rest assured they will remain healthy.
- 1 to 4 weeks old: Neonates spend approximately 65% of their daily activity in a sleep state. Waking time is of short duration and it is rare for a child of this age to have a "day-night" cycle. Their day-night "clock" is not functional until 6 to 8 weeks of age. Mothers of newborns should use their infant's sleep pattern to sleep also.
- 1 to 4 months old: Infants at this early age still sleep 14 to 15 hours a day. Many begin to develop a day-night cycle during the early weeks of this period. In addition at this age, many infants have the ability to sleep evening blocks of 5 to 6 hours without interruption; however most will wake for feedings or diaper changes during the night.
- 4 to 12 months old: Infants at this age continue to require 14 to 15 hours of sleep daily. Good news for parents, they do begin to sleep for longer periods at night. Also, early in this time period, many children benefit from multiple daytime naps, though there is significant variability between different infants.
- 1 to 3 years old: While specialists point out that most toddlers need about 12 to 14 hours of daily sleep, many may be forced to survive on less. Daycare and erratically spaced car trips necessary for the needs of older siblings often deny or disrupt continuous sleep patterns, most often naps.
- 3 to 6 years old: This age range commonly needs approximately 11 to 12 hours of sleep per day with younger individuals taking a nap after lunch. Any need for napping is generally absent by the time a child enters 1st grade.
- 7 to 12 years old:Younger children in this age range commonly require 10 to 12 hours of sleep each night; pre-teens often receive 9 to 10 hours (though some may require more).
- 12 to 18 years old: Middle and high school student lifestyle requirements (school, after school activities, dinner and finally homework) often reduce the sleep duration from the recommended 8 to 9 hours to 6 to 8 hours. The various social network computer websites coupled with cell phone text communication may also cut into the teenager's sleep time.
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