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Sodium Acetate

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Sodium Acetate

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Sodium is the principal cation of extracellular fluid. It comprises more than 90% of total cations at its normal plasma concentration of approximately 140 mEq/liter. The sodium ion exerts a primary role in controlling total body water and its distribution.

Acetate (CH3COO- ), a source of hydrogen ion acceptors, is an alternate source of bicarbonate (HCO3-) by metabolic conversion in the liver. This has been shown to proceed readily, even in the presence of severe liver disease.

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/19/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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