Cholelithiasis And Gallbladder Sludge
Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia
Pharmacological studies in animals and humans show that lanreotide, like somatostatin and other somatostatin analogs, inhibits the secretion of insulin and glucagon. Hence, patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT may experience hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. Blood glucose levels should be monitored when lanreotide treatment is initiated, or when the dose is altered, and antidiabetic treatment should be adjusted accordingly [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Thyroid Function Abnormalities
Slight decreases in thyroid function have been seen during treatment with lanreotide in acromegalic patients, though clinical hypothyroidism is rare ( < 1%). Thyroid function tests are recommended where clinically indicated.
The most common overall cardiac adverse reactions observed in three pooled SOMATULINE DEPOT cardiac studies in patients with acromegaly were sinus bradycardia (12/217, 5.5%), bradycardia (6/217, 2.8%), and hypertension (12/217, 5.5%) [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
In 81 patients with baseline heart rates of ≥ 60 beats per minute (bpm) treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT in Study 3, the incidence of heart rate < 60 bpm was 23% (19/81) as compared to 16 % (15/94) of placebo treated patients; ten patients (12%) had documented heart rates < 60 bpm on more than one visit. The incidence of documented episodes of heart rate < 50 bpm as well as the incidence of bradycardia reported as an adverse event was 1% in each treatment group. Initiate appropriate medical management in patients who develop symptomatic bradycardia.
In patients without underlying cardiac disease, SOMATULINE DEPOT may lead to a decrease in heart rate without necessarily reaching the threshold of bradycardia. In patients suffering from cardiac disorders prior to SOMATULINE DEPOT treatment, sinus bradycardia may occur. Care should be taken when initiating treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT in patients with bradycardia.
The pharmacological gastrointestinal effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT may reduce the intestinal absorption of concomitant drugs.
Lanreotide may decrease the relative bioavailability of cyclosporine. Concomitant administration of SOMATULINE DEPOT and cyclosporine may necessitate the adjustment of cyclosporine dose to maintain therapeutic levels [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].
Monitoring: Laboratory Tests
Acromegaly: Serum GH and IGF-1 levels are useful markers of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].
Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION).
Advise patients to inform their doctor or pharmacist if they develop any unusual symptoms, or if any known symptom persists or worsens.
Advise patients with acromegaly that response to SOMATULINE DEPOT should be monitored by periodic measurements of GH and IGF-1 levels, with a goal of decreasing these levels to the normal range.
Advise patients experiencing dizziness not to drive or operate machinery.
Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, Impairment Of Fertility
Standard lifetime carcinogenicity bioassays were conducted in mice and rats. Mice were given daily subcutaneous doses of lanreotide acetate at 0.5, 1.5, 5, 10 and 30 mg/kg for 104 weeks. Cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of fibrous connective tissues at the injection sites were observed at the high dose of 30 mg/kg/day. Fibrosarcomas in both genders and malignant fibrous histiocytomas were observed in males at 30 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures 3-times higher than the clinical therapeutic exposure at the maximum therapeutic dose of 120 mg given by monthly subcutaneous injection based on the AUC values. Rats were given daily subcutaneous doses of lanreotide acetate at 0.1, 0.2, and 0.5 mg/kg for 104 weeks. Increased cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of fibrous connective tissues at the injection sites were observed at the dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures less than the clinical therapeutic exposure at 120 mg given by monthly subcutaneous injection. The increased incidence of injection site tumors in rodents is likely related to the increased dosing frequency (daily) in animals compared to monthly dosing in humans and therefore may not be clinically relevant.
Lanreotide was not genotoxic in tests for gene mutations in a bacterial mutagenicity (Ames) assay, or mouse lymphoma cell assay with or without metabolic activation. Lanreotide was not genotoxic in tests for the detection of chromosomal aberrations in a human lymphocyte and in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.
Subcutaneous dosing (30mg/kg/2 wks) before mating and continuing into gestation in rats at doses five times the human clinical exposure (120 mg every 4 weeks) based on mg/m² had reduced fertility. Gestation length was statistically significantly increased suggesting some delay in parturition at three times the human exposure. The reduction in fertility in non-acromegalic animals is likely related to the pharmacologic activity (decreased growth hormone secretion) of lanreotide acetate.
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category C
Lanreotide has been shown to have an embryocidal effect in rats and rabbits. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. SOMATULINE DEPOT should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Reproductive studies in pregnant rats given 30 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection every 2 weeks (five times the human dose, based on body surface area comparisons) resulted in decreased embryo/fetal survival. Studies in pregnant rabbits given subcutaneous injections of 0.45 mg/kg/day (two times the human therapeutic exposures at the maximum recommended dose of 120 mg, based on comparisons of relative body surface area) shows decreased fetal survival and increased fetal skeletal/soft tissue abnormalities.
It is not known whether lanreotide is excreted in human milk. Many drugs are excreted in human milk. As a result of serious adverse reactions from SOMATULINE DEPOT in animals and, potentially in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, after taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between elderly patients with acromegaly compared with younger patients and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Study 3, conducted in patients with GEP-NET, did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
It is not necessary to alter the starting dose in elderly patients; lanreotide serum concentrations in the elderly are well within the range of serum concentrations safely tolerated in healthy young subjects. Similarly, it is not necessary to alter the titration or maintenance doses of SOMATULINE DEPOT, as dose selection is based on therapeutic response [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lanreotide has been studied in patients with end-stage renal function on dialysis, but has not been studied in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. It is recommended that patients with moderate or severe renal impairment receive a starting dose of lanreotide of 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe renal impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
No effect was observed in total clearance of lanreotide in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg. Patients with severe renal impairment were not studied [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
It is recommended that patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment receive a starting dose of lanreotide of 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
SOMATULINE DEPOT has not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment.
Last reviewed on RxList: 1/5/2015
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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