July 23, 2016

Sore Tongue

MedicineNet - Sore Tongue

Sore Tongue Symptoms & Signs

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Symptoms & Signs

A number of different conditions can result in pain and/or the presence of abnormalities, bumps, ulcers, or sores on the tongue as well as symptoms like pain, swelling, or burning of the tongue. Problems with the tongue can result from infections, tumors, chronic medical conditions, trauma, or toxins. Inflammation of the tongue is medically known as glossitis. Pain in the tongue is known as glossodynia. Inflammation may occur on the sides of the tongue, the tip of the tongue, on the back of the tongue, or throughout the tongue. Because soreness or painful lesions on the tongue can have a wide variety of causes, treatment and outlook depend upon the particular condition that is responsible. Depending upon the exact cause, other symptoms and conditions can be associated with a sore tongue, including

Inflammation of the tongue can lead to damage of the taste buds, tiny sensors on the surface of the tongue. Some of the more common causes of sore or painful tongue include canker sores, cold sores, bite injuries, and burns.

In some cases, pain that originates in other sources (such as cardiac angina or problems with the teeth and/or jaws) can be experienced in the tongue, even though the tongue itself is normal. This is known as referred pain.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/24/2015

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REFERENCE:

Longo, D.L., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.

Causes of Sore Tongue
    • Allergy (Allergies) An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. ...learn more »
    • Angina Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Angina Article
      • What is angina?
      • What causes angina?
      • What are the different types of angina?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of angina?
      • How is angina diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for angina?
      • Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery
      • What are other methods are used to evaluate angina?
      • What is the prognosis for angina?
      • Can angina be prevented?
    • Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) Article
      • Burning mouth syndrome facts*
      • What is burning mouth syndrome?
      • What are burning mouth syndrome symptoms and signs?
      • How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
      • What causes primary and secondary burning mouth syndrome?
      • What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
      • What are helpful tips for coping with burning mouth syndrome?
    • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
      In This Article
      Burns (First Aid) Article
      • Introduction to burns
      • How are burns classified?
      • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
      • How important is the location of a burn?
      • What about electrical burns?
      • What about chemical burns?
      • First aid for burns
    • Canker Sores Canker sore is a small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth. Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in...learn more »
    • GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...learn more »
      In This Article
      GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn) Article
      • GERD (acid reflux) facts
      • What is GERD or acid reflux?
      • What causes GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What are the symptoms of uncomplicated GERD?
      • What are the complications of GERD?
      • How is GERD or acid reflux diagnosed and evaluated?
      • Symptoms and procedures to diagnose GERD
      • GERD (acid reflux) tests
      • How is GERD (acid reflux) treated?
      • Lifestyle changes and GERD (acid reflux) diet
      • GERD (acid reflux) medications
      • GERD surgery
      • What is a reasonable approach to the management of GERD (acid reflux)?
      • What are the unresolved issues in GERD (acid reflux)?
    • Is a Yeast Infection Contagious? Yeast are a fungi that has many types. A type of yeast that can cause infection in humans is called Candida. Candida can infect...learn more »
      In This Article
      Is a Yeast Infection Contagious? Article
      • What are yeast?
      • Is a yeast infection contagious?
      • How do I know if I have a yeast infection?
      • How will I know if I am cured of a yeast infection?
      • When should I seek medical care for yeast infection?
    • Leukoplakia Leukoplakia is a white or gray patch that develops on the tongue or inside the cheek. Causes of Leukoplakia may include...learn more »
      In This Article
      Leukoplakia Article
      • Introduction
      • What causes Leukoplakia?
      • What are the symptoms?
      • How is Leukoplakia diagnosed?
      • How is Leukoplakia treated?
    • Lichen Planus Lichen planus is a common skin disease that features small, itchy pink or purple spots on the arms or legs. the abnormal areas on...learn more »
      In This Article
      Lichen Planus Article
      • Lichen planus facts
      • What is lichen planus?
      • What are causes and risk factors for lichen planus?
      • How is the rash of lichen planus different from that of most other common rashes?
      • What are lichen planus symptoms and signs?
      • What does lichen planus look like?
      • What physicians diagnose and treat lichen planus?
      • How is lichen planus diagnosed?
      • Are there home remedies for lichen planus?
      • What is the treatment for lichen planus?
      • What is the long-term prognosis of lichen planus??
      • Is it possible to prevent lichen planus?
    • Oral Cancer The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...learn more »
      In This Article
      Oral Cancer Article
      • Oral cancer facts*
      • What is the oral cavity?
      • What is cancer?
      • Who's at risk for oral cancer?
      • What are the symptoms of oral cancer?
      • How is oral cancer diagnosed?
      • How is oral cancer treated?
      • Methods of treatment
      • What are the side effects of treatment for oral cancer?
      • What is rehabilitation for oral cancer?
      • What happens after treatment for oral cancer?
      • What does the future hold for patients with oral cancer?
      • What resources are available to patients with oral cancer?
    • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) There are many types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs): gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPomas, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) Article
      • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs or islet cell tumors) facts*
      • What are pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)?
      • What are the different types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are risk factors for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are signs and symptoms of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What tests do doctors use to diagnose pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What tests assess the specific type of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
      • What factors affect the treatment options and prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • How do doctors determine the staging of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor?
      • How does cancer spread in the body?
      • What is metastasis?
      • What are recurrent pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are the treatment options for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • Are there clinical trials for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are treatments for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors?
      • What are treatment options for recurrent or progressive pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (islet cell tumors)?
    • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
      In This Article
      Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
      • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
      • What problems are caused by smoking?
      • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
      • What are the steps in quitting?
      • Getting ready to quit smoking
      • On the day you quit smoking
      • Staying quit
      • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
      • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
      • Nicotine patches
      • Nicorette gum
      • Nicotine lozenges
      • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
      • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
      • What are e-cigarettes?
      • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
      • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
      • What is in the future for smoking?
    • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep....learn more »
      In This Article
      Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Article
      • What is teeth grinding?
      • What are the dangers of teeth grinding?
      • What causes teeth grinding?
      • Who is at risk for teeth grinding?
      • What are symptoms and signs of teeth grinding?
      • What is the treatment for teeth grinding?
      • What is the prognosis for teeth grinding?
    • Thrush (Oral Candidiasis) Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...learn more »
    • Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue...learn more »
      In This Article
      Tongue Problems Article
      • Tongue facts
      • What are common tongue problems?
      • What causes tongue problems?
      • What are the risk factors for tongue problems?
      • White tongue
      • Red tongue
      • Black tongue
      • Increased size or tongue swelling
      • Growths on the tongue
      • Abnormalities of the tongue surface
      • Tongue pain
      • Altered sensation of the tongue
      • Taste problems
      • Problems with tongue movement
      • What are tongue problems in infants and children?
      • What are tongue problems in pregnancy?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose tongue problems?
      • Are there home remedies for tongue problems?
      • What are the treatments for tongue problems?
      • Is it possible to prevent tongue problems?
      • What is the prognosis for tongue problems?
    • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
      In This Article
      Toothache Article
      • What is a toothache?
      • What causes a toothache?
      • What are toothache symptoms and signs?
      • How is a toothache diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a toothache?
      • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
      • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
      • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
      • Is it possible to prevent a toothache?
Other Causes of Sore Tongue
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Dietary Irritants
  • Fungal Infections
  • Glossitis
  • Jaw Pain
  • Trauma
  • Tumors
  • Viral Infections
Examples of Medications for Sore Tongue
  • acetaminophen, Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain
  • Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)


Symptoms & Signs A-Z List



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