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Sprix

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Sprix

Sprix Side Effects Center

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP

Sprix (ketorolac tromethamine) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used in adults for short term (up to 5 days) management of moderate to moderately severe pain that requires pain relief at the opioid level. Common side effects include nasal pain or discomfort.

The recommended dose of Sprix is 31.5 mg (one 15.75 mg spray in each nostril) every 6 to 8 hours. The maximum daily dose is 126 mg (four doses). Sprix may interact with aliskiren, ACE Inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), cidofovir, probenecid, corticosteroids, clopidogrel, blood thinners, other forms of ketorolac, high doses of aspirin, or other NSAIDs. Check all prescription and over-the-counter medicine labels since many contain pain relievers/fever reducers (aspirin, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or naproxen). Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. During pregnancy, Sprix should be used only if prescribed during the first 30 weeks. After 30 weeks, use of Sprix is not recommended as it could harm a fetus; consult your doctor. Sprix passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

Our Sprix (ketorolac tromethamine) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is Prescribing information?

The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.

Sprix FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects
(Adverse Reactions)

SIDE EFFECTS

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed else wherein the labeling:

The most frequently reported adverse reactions were related to local symptoms, i.e., nasal discomfort or irritation. These reactions were generally mild and transient in nature.

The most common drug-related adverse events leading to premature discontinuation were nasal discomfort or nasal pain (arthralgia).

Experience From SPRIX Clinical Studies

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data described below reflect exposure to SPRIX inpatients enrolled in placebo-controlled efficacy studies of acute pain following major surgery. The studies enrolled 828 patients (183 men, 645 women) ranging from 18 years to over 75 years of age.

The patients in the postoperative pain studies had undergone major abdominal, orthopedic, gynecologic, or other surgery; 455patients received SPRIX (31.5 mg) three or four times a day for up to 5 days, and 245 patients received placebo. Most patients were receiving concomitant opioids, primarily PCA morphine.

Table 1: Post-operative Patients with AdverseReactions Observed at a rate of 2% or more and at least twice the incidence of the placebo group.

  SPRIX
(N=455)
Placebo
(N= 245)
Nasal discomfort 15% 2%
Rhinalgia 13% < 1%
Lacrimation increased 5% 0%
Throat irritation 4% < 1%
Oliguria 3% 1%
Rash 3% < 1%
Bradycardia 2% < 1%
Urine output decreased 2% < 1%
ALT and/or AST increased 2% 1%
Hypertension 2% 1%
Rhinitis 2% < 1%

In controlled clinical trials in major surgery, primarily knee and hip replacements and abdominal hysterectomies, seven patients (N=455, 1.5%) treated with SPRIX experienced serious adverse events of bleeding (4 patients) or hematoma (3 patients) at the operative site versus one patient (N=245, 0.4%) treated with placebo (hematoma). Six of the seven patients treated with SPRIX underwent a surgical procedure and/or blood transfusion and the placebo patient subsequently required a blood transfusion.

Adverse Reactions Reported In ClinicalTrials With Other Dosage Forms Of Ketorolac Or Other NSAIDs

Adverse reaction rates increase with higher doses of ketorolac. It is necessary to remain alert for the severe complications of treatment with ketorolac, such as GI ulceration, bleeding, and perforation, postoperative bleeding, acute renal failure, anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions, and liver failure. These complications can be serious in certain patients for whom ketorolac is indicated, especially when the drug is used inappropriately.

In patients taking ketorolac or other NSAIDs in clinical trials, the most frequently reported adverse experiences in approximately 1% to 10% of patients are: Gastrointestinal (GI)experiences including:

abdominal pain constipation/diarrhea dyspepsia
flatulence GI fullness GI ulcers (gastric/duodenal)
gross bleeding/perforation heartburn nausea*
stomatitis vomiting  

Other experiences:

abnormal renal function anemia dizziness
drowsiness edema elevated liver enzymes
headache* hypertension increased bleeding time
injection site pain pruritus purpura
*Incidence greater than 10%

Additional adverse experiences reported occasionally ( < 1% in patients taking ketorolac or other NSAIDs in clinical trials) include:

Body as a Whole: fever, infection, sepsis

Cardiovascular System: congestive heart failure, palpitation, pallor, tachycardia, syncope

Digestive System: anorexia, dry mouth, eructation, esophagitis, excessive thirst, gastritis, glossitis, hematemesis, hepatitis, increased appetite, jaundice, melena, rectal bleeding

Hemic and Lymphatic: ecchymosis, eosinophilia, epistaxis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia

Metabolic and Nutritional: weight change

Nervous System: abnormal dreams, abnormal thinking, anxiety, asthenia, confusion, depression, euphoria, extrapyramidal symptoms, hallucinations, hyperkinesis, inability to concentrate, insomnia, nervousness, paresthesia, somnolence, stupor, tremors, vertigo, malaise

Respiratory: asthma, dyspnea, pulmonary edema, rhinitis

Special Senses: abnormal taste, abnormal vision, blurred vision, hearing loss

Urogenital: cystitis, dysuria, hematuria, increased urinary frequency, interstitial nephritis, oliguria/polyuria, proteinuria, renal failure, urinary retention

Adverse Reactions From PostmarketingExperience With Other Dosage Forms Of Ketorolac Or Other NSAIDs

Other observed reactions (reported from postmarketing experience in patients taking ketorolac or otherNSAIDs) are:

Body as a Whole: angioedema, death, hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis, anaphylactoid reaction, laryngeal edema, tongue edema, myalgia

Cardiovascular: arrhythmia, bradycardia, chest pain, flushing, hypotension, myocardial infarction, vasculitis

Dermatologic: exfoliative dermatitis, erythema multiforme, Lyell's syndrome, bullous reactions includingStevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis

Gastrointestinal: acute pancreatitis, liver failure, ulcerative stomatitis, exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)

Hemic and Lymphatic: agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, lymphadenopathy, pancytopenia, postoperative wound hemorrhage (rarely requiring blood transfusion)

Metabolic and Nutritional: hyperglycemia, hyperkalemia, hyponatremia

Nervous System: aseptic meningitis, convulsions, coma, psychosis

Respiratory: bronchospasm, respiratory depression, pneumonia

Special Senses: conjunctivitis Urogenital: flank pain with or without hematuria and/or azotemia, hemolytic uremic syndrome

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Sprix (Ketorolac Tromethamine Nasal Spray) »

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

 

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.


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