STDs in Men Overview (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Who is at risk for STDs?
- What causes STDs?
- What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
- List of STDs in men
- Genital herpes
- Genital warts (HPV)
- How are STDs diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for STDs?
- What is the prognosis for STDs?
- Can STDs be prevented?
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) FAQs
- Find a local Urologist in your town
What are the signs and symptoms of STDs?
In men, STDs can be grouped into three categories:
- STDs that predominantly cause genital lesions (sores or abnormalities on the genital organs)
- STDs that predominantly cause inflammation of the urethra (urethritis)
- STDs that cause symptoms and signs throughout the body (systemic STDs)
Some of the STDs that cause local lesions or urethritis, including gonorrhea and syphilis, can also cause damage to other organs and spread within the body if not treated.
Depending upon the exact infection, STDs that cause genital lesions may cause genital warts, painful blisters, or ulcers. STDs that cause urethritis cause symptoms often associated with a urinary tract infection, including painful or burning sensation during urination and discharge from the urethra.
The section below reviews the specific signs and symptoms of eight common STDs.
List of STDs in men
There are a variety of STDs that can affect sexually active men.
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is common in young adults who are sexually active. It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Both men and women can be infected, and many of those infected do not have any symptoms. When it does cause symptoms in men, symptoms of urethritis are the most common. It can also cause infection of the epididymis and testes. Chlamydia infection can be cured with antibiotics such as azithromycin. However, reinfection can occur, especially when sex partners of an infected person are not treated.
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