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Stendra

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Stendra

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Evaluation of erectile dysfunction (ED) should include an appropriate medical assessment to identify potential underlying causes, as well as treatment options.

Before prescribing STENDRA, it is important to note the following:

Cardiovascular Risks

There is a potential for cardiac risk during sexual activity in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, treatments for ED, including STENDRA, should not be used in men for whom sexual activity is inadvisable because of their underlying cardiovascular status.

Patients with left ventricular outflow obstruction (e.g., aortic stenosis, idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis) and those with severely impaired autonomic control of blood pressure can be particularly sensitive to the actions of vasodilators, including STENDRA.

The following groups of patients were not included in clinical safety and efficacy trials for STENDRA, and therefore until further information is available, STENDRA is not recommended for the following groups:

  • Patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction, stroke, life-threatening arrhythmia, or coronary revascularization within the last 6 months;
  • Patients with resting hypotension (blood pressure less than 90/50 mmHg) or hypertension (blood pressure greater than 170/100 mmHg);
  • Patients with unstable angina, angina with sexual intercourse, or New York Heart Association Class 2 or greater congestive heart failure.

As with other PDE5 inhibitors STENDRA has systemic vasodilatory properties and may augment the blood pressure-lowering effect of other anti-hypertensive medications. STENDRA 200 mg resulted in transient decreases in sitting blood pressure in healthy volunteers of 8.0 mmHg systolic and 3.3 mmHg diastolic [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY], with the maximum decrease observed at 1 hour after dosing. While this normally would be expected to be of little consequence in most patients, prior to prescribing STENDRA, physicians should carefully consider whether patients with underlying cardiovascular disease could be affected adversely by such vasodilatory effects, especially in combination with sexual activity.

Concomitant Use of CYP3A4 Inhibitors

STENDRA metabolism is principally mediated by the CYP 450 isoform 3A4 (CYP 3A4). Inhibitors of CYP 3A4 may reduce STENDRA clearance and increase plasma concentrations of avanafil.

For patients taking concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (including ketoconazole, ritonavir, atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, saquinavir and telithromycin), do not use STENDRA [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

For patients taking concomitant moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors (including erythromycin, amprenavir, aprepitant, diltiazem, fluconazole, fosamprenavir, and verapamil), the maximum recommended dose of STENDRA is 50 mg, not to exceed once every 24 hours [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Prolonged Erection

Prolonged erection greater than 4 hours and priapism (painful erections greater than 6 hours in duration) have been reported with other PDE5 inhibitors. In the event of an erection that persists longer than 4 hours, the patient should seek immediate medical assistance. If not treated immediately, penile tissue damage and permanent loss of potency could result.

STENDRA should be used with caution in patients with anatomical deformation of the penis (such as angulation, cavernosal fibrosis, or Peyronie's disease), or in patients who have conditions which may predispose them to priapism (such as sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, or leukemia).

Effects on Eye

Physicians should advise patients to stop use of all PDE5 inhibitors, including STENDRA and seek medical attention in the event of a sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes. Such an event may be a sign of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a cause of decreased vision including permanent loss of vision that has been reported rarely postmarketing in temporal association with the use of all PDE5 inhibitors. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors. Physicians should also discuss with patients the increased risk of NAION in individuals who have already experienced NAION in one eye, including whether such individuals could be adversely affected by use of vasodilators, such as PDE5 inhibitors [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Patients with known hereditary degenerative retinal disorders, including retintis pigmentosa, were not included in the clinical trials of STENDRA, and use in these patients is not recommended.

Sudden Hearing Loss

Use of PDE5 inhibitors has been associated with sudden decrease or loss of hearing, which may be accompanied by tinnitus or dizziness. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Patients experiencing these symptoms should be advised to stop taking STENDRA and seek prompt medical attention.

Alpha-Blockers and Other Antihypertensives

Physicians should discuss with patients the potential for STENDRA to augment the blood pressure-lowering effect of alpha-blockers and other antihypertensive medications [see DRUG INTERACTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Caution is advised when PDE5 inhibitors are co-administered with alpha-blockers. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors, including STENDRA, and alpha-adrenergic blocking agents are both vasodilators with blood pressure-lowering effects. When vasodilators are used in combination, an additive effect on blood pressure may be anticipated. In some patients, concomitant use of these two drug classes can lower blood pressure significantly leading to symptomatic hypotension (e.g., dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting).

Consideration should be given to the following:

  • Patients should be stable on alpha-blocker therapy prior to initiating treatment with a PDE5 inhibitor. Patients who demonstrate hemodynamic instability on alpha-blocker therapy alone are at increased risk of symptomatic hypotension with concomitant use of PDE5 inhibitors.
  • In those patients who are stable on alpha-blocker therapy, PDE5 inhibitors should be initiated at the lowest dose (STENDRA 50 mg).
  • In those patients already taking an optimized dose of a PDE5 inhibitor, alpha-blocker therapy should be initiated at the lowest dose. Stepwise increase in alpha-blocker dose may be associated with further lowering of blood pressure when taking a PDE5 inhibitor.

Safety of combined use of PDE5 inhibitors and alpha-blockers may be affected by other variables, including intravascular volume depletion and other anti-hypertensive drugs [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Alcohol

Patients should be made aware that both alcohol and PDE5 inhibitors including STENDRA act as vasodilators. When vasodilators are taken in combination, blood-pressure-lowering effects of each individual compound may be increased. Therefore, physicians should inform patients that substantial consumption of alcohol (e.g., greater than 3 units) in combination with STENDRA may increase the potential for orthostatic signs and symptoms, including increase in heart rate, decrease in standing blood pressure, dizziness, and headache [see DRUG INTERACTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Combination with Other PDE5 Inhibitors or Erectile Dysfunction Therapies

The safety and efficacy of combinations of STENDRA with other treatments for ED has not been studied. Therefore, the use of such combinations is not recommended.

Effects on Bleeding

The safety of STENDRA is unknown in patients with bleeding disorders and patients with active peptic ulceration. In vitro studies with human platelets indicate that STENDRA potentiates the anti-aggregatory effect of sodium nitroprusside (a nitric oxide [NO] donor).

Counseling Patients about Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The use of STENDRA offers no protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Counseling patients about the protective measures necessary to guard against sexually transmitted diseases, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), should be considered.

Patient Counseling Information

“See FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION)

Nitrates

Physicians should discuss with patients the contraindication of STENDRA with regular and/or intermittent use of organic nitrates. Patients should be counseled that concomitant use of STENDRA with nitrates could cause blood pressure to suddenly drop to an unsafe level, resulting in dizziness, syncope, or even heart attack or stroke.

Physicians should discuss with patients the appropriate action in the event that they experience anginal chest pain requiring nitroglycerin following intake of STENDRA. In such a patient, who has taken STENDRA, where nitrate administration is deemed medically necessary in a life-threatening situation, at least 12 hours should elapse after the last dose of STENDRA before nitrate administration is considered. In such circumstances, nitrates should still only be administered under close medical supervision with appropriate hemodynamic monitoring. Patients who experience anginal chest pain after taking STENDRA should seek immediate medical attention [see CONTRAINDICATIONS and WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Cardiovascular Considerations

Physicians should discuss with patients the potential cardiac risk of sexual activity in patients with preexisting cardiovascular risk factors. Patients who experience symptoms upon initiation of sexual activity should be advised to refrain from further sexual activity and should seek immediate medical attention [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Concomitant Use with Drugs Which Lower Blood Pressure

Physicians should advise patients of the potential for STENDRA to augment the blood pressure-lowering effect of alpha-blockers and other antihypertensive medications [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Potential for Drug Interactions

Patients should be advised to contact the prescribing physician if new medications that may interact with STENDRA are prescribed by another healthcare provider.

Priapism

There have been rare reports of prolonged erections greater than 4 hours and priapism (painful erections greater than 6 hours in duration) for this class of compounds. Priapism, if not treated promptly, can result in irreversible damage to the erectile tissue. Physicians should advise patients who have an erection lasting greater than 4 hours, whether painful or not, to seek emergency medical attention.

Vision

Physicians should advise patients to stop use of all PDE5 inhibitors, including STENDRA, and seek medical attention in the event of a sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes. Such an event may be a sign of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a cause of decreased vision including permanent loss of vision that has been reported rarely in temporal association with the use of PDE5 inhibitors. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors. Physicians should also discuss with patients the increased risk of NAION in individuals who have already experienced NAION in one eye, including whether such individuals could be adversely affected by use of vasodilators, such as PDE5 inhibitors [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Sudden Hearing Loss

Physicians should advise patients to stop taking PDE5 inhibitors, including STENDRA, and seek prompt medical attention in the event of sudden decrease or loss of hearing. Use of PDE5 inhibitors has been associated with sudden decrease or loss of hearing, which may be accompanied by tinnitus and dizziness. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Alcohol

Patients should be made aware that both alcohol and PDE5 inhibitors including STENDRA act as mild vasodilators. When mild vasodilators are taken in combination, blood pressure-lowering effects of each individual compound may be increased. Therefore, physicians should inform patients that substantial consumption of alcohol (e.g., greater than 3 units) in combination with STENDRA can increase the potential for orthostatic signs and symptoms, including increase in heart rate, decrease in standing blood pressure, dizziness, and headache [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Sexually Transmitted Disease

The use of STENDRA offers no protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Counseling of patients about the protective measures necessary to guard against sexually transmitted diseases, including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) should be considered.

Recommended Administration

Physicians should discuss with patients the appropriate use of STENDRA and its anticipated benefits. It should be explained that sexual stimulation is required for an erection to occur after taking STENDRA. STENDRA should be taken approximately 30 minutes before initiating sexual activity. Patients should be counseled regarding the dosing of STENDRA. Inform patients that the recommended starting dose of STENDRA is 100 mg. The dose may be increased to a maximum recommended dose of 200 mg or decreased to 50 mg based on efficacy and tolerability. The lowest dose that provides benefit should be used. Patients should be advised to contact their healthcare provider for dose modification.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

Avanafil was not carcinogenic to CD-1 mice when administered daily at doses of 100, 200, or 600 mg/kg/day orally by gavage for at least 98 weeks (approximately 11 times the MRHD on an AUC basis) or to Sprague Dawley rats when administered daily at doses of 100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day orally by gavage for at least 100 weeks (approximately 8 times for males and 34 times for females above the MRHD on an AUC basis).

Mutagenesis

Avanafil was not genotoxic in a series of tests. Avanafil was not mutagenic in Ames assays. Avanafil was not clastogenic in chromosome aberration assays using Chinese hamster ovary and lung cells, or in vivo in the mouse micronucleus assay. Avanafil did not affect DNA repair when tested in the rat unscheduled DNA synthesis assay.

Impairment of Fertility

In a rat fertility and early embryonic development study administered 100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day for 28 days prior to paring and continued until euthanasia for males, and 14 days prior to pairing to gestation day 7 for females, a decrease in fertility, no or reduced sperm motility, altered estrous cycles, and an increased percentage of abnormal sperm (broken sperm with detached heads) occurred at exposures in males approximately 11 times the human exposure at a dose of 200 mg. The altered sperm effects were reversible at the end of a 9-week drug-free period. Systemic exposure at the NOAEL (300 mg/kg/day) was comparable to the human AUC at the MRHD of 200 mg.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

STENDRA is not indicated for use in women. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of STENDRA in pregnant women.

Fetal Risk Summary

Based on animal data, STENDRA is predicted to have a low risk for major developmental abnormalities in humans.

Animal Data

In pregnant rats administered 100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day from gestation days 6 to 17, no evidence of teratogenicity, embryotoxicity, or fetotoxicity was observed at exposures up to approximately 8 times the exposure at the Maximum Recommended Human Dose (MRHD) of 200 mg based on AUCs for total avanafil (protein bound plus free avanafil). At the maternally toxic dose (1000 mg/kg/day), a dose producing exposures approximately 30 times the MRHD on an AUC basis, decreased fetal body weight occurred with no signs of teratogenicity. In pregnant rabbits administered 30, 60, 120, or 240 mg/kg/day from gestation days 6 to 18, no teratogenicity was observed at exposures up to approximately 6 times the human exposure at the MRHD based on AUC. At the high dose associated with maternally-reduced body weights, increased postimplantation loss was observed consistent with increased late resorptions.

In a pre- and post-natal development study in rats given 100, 300, or 600 mg/kg/day on gestation days 6 through lactation day 20, offspring growth and maturation were reduced when maternal rats were given avanafil doses greater than or equal to 300 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures greater than or equal to 17 times the human exposure. There was no effect on reproductive performance of the maternal rats or offspring, or on the behavior of the offspring at up to the highest dose tested. The no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for developmental toxicity (100 mg/kg/day) was approximately 2-fold greater than the systemic exposure in humans at the MRHD.

Pediatric Use

STENDRA is not indicated for use in pediatric patients. Safety and efficacy in patients below the age of 18 years has not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the total number of subjects in clinical studies of avanafil, approximately 23% were 65 and over. No overall differences in efficacy and safety were observed between subjects over 65 years of age compared to younger subjects; therefore no dose adjustment is warranted based on age alone. However, a greater sensitivity to medication in some older individuals should be considered [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]

Renal Impairment

In a clinical pharmacology trial using single 200 mg doses of STENDRA, avanafil exposure (AUC or Cmax) in normal subjects was comparable to patients with mild (creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 to less than 90 mL/min) or moderate (creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 to less than 60 mL/min) renal impairment. No dose adjustment is necessary for patients with mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 to less than 90 mL/min). The pharmacokinetics of avanafil in patients with severe renal disease or on renal dialysis has not been studied; do not use STENDRA in such patients [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Hepatic Impairment

In a clinical pharmacology trial, avanafil AUC and Cmax in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A) was comparable to that in healthy subjects when a dose of 200 mg was administered. Avanafil Cmax was approximately 51% lower and AUC was 11% higher in patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child Pugh Class B) compared to subjects with normal hepatic function. No dose adjustment is necessary for patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment (Child Pugh Class A or B). The pharmacokinetics of avanafil in patients with severe hepatic disease has not been studied; do not use STENDRA in such patients [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Last reviewed on RxList: 11/19/2012
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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