March 26, 2017

Strep Throat

Strep throat definition and facts

  • Strep throat is a type of infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria that results in a sore, inflamed throat.
  • Most sore throats are caused by viruses, not strep bacteria.
  • Symptoms of strep throat in adults, middle-aged children, and adolescents include:
  • Symptoms of strep throat in infants and toddlers may also include a thick nasal discharge, reduced appetite, fussiness, and swollen lymph nodes.
  • Symptoms associated with an upper respiratory infection (a "cold"), such as nasal congestion, muscle aches and oral blisters, are typically absent with strep throat.
  • Strep throat is highly contagious and is usually spread through direct person-to-person contact.
  • The diagnosis of strep throat is established either via a rapid strep test (RADT) or a throat culture.
  • Strep throat is cured with antibiotic therapy.
  • While rare, there are several complications that may develop from a strep throat infection.
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Reviewed on 10/12/2016