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Strep Throat (GAS) (cont.)

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Are the signs and symptoms of strep throat different in various age groups?

The information listed above is seen in those most likely to have a strep throat infection - individuals that are older children and teenagers. However, other age groups may experience a different constellation of findings with a strep throat infection.

  • Infants: more commonly have a thick purulent nasal discharge, low grade fever (< 101 F [38.33 C]), reduction in appetite and fussiness.
  • Toddlers: children from one to three years of age may complain of a sore throat, have pain with swallowing and subsequently a limited appetite, and swollen lymph nodes (lymph glands) beneath the mandible (lower jaw bone).
  • Adults: strep throat may have milder symptoms and thus may not prompt a medical evaluation unless an exposure history to strep throat is known.

Is strep throat contagious?

Strep throat is contagious most commonly via direct person-to-person contact. Passage of airborne droplets and/or saliva from the infected individual to another is the most likely mechanism of contracting strep throat. As such, close living quarters (home, classroom, day care centers, college dorms, etc.) provide an ideal environment for passage of GAS bacteria from one person to another. The risk of contracting a strep throat infection is approximately 40% in household environments. Most infectious disease specialists believe that a patient is no longer contagious after 24 hours of effective antibiotic therapy. Spread of strep bacteria via food borne transmission is less common than direct person-to-person exchange of droplets or saliva. The exact likelihood of developing strep throat from family pets is unknown, but most experts believe it is minimal.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/4/2013

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/strep_throat_gas/article.htm

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