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Strep Throat (GAS) (cont.)

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How can I prevent contracting strep throat?

While there is no vaccine available to prevent strep throat, there are several behaviors to lessen the likelihood of developing a strep throat infection. These include:

  • Avoid people with sore throats, and especially those with documented strep throat, until they have taken antibiotics for more than 48 hours
  • Wash your hands frequently after using items which may harbor the GAS bacteria (for example, dishes and utensils)
  • Don't share food or drinks with a sick individual
  • Encourage ill individuals to cover their nose and mouth when they sneeze or cough.

Strep throat facts

  • Most sore throats are caused by viruses, not strep bacteria.
  • Symptoms of strep throat include sore throat (90%), headache (85%), fever (85%) and upset stomach (65%) in middle-aged children and adolescents. Symptoms associated with an upper respiratory infection (a "cold") are typically absent (for example, nasal congestion, cough, muscle aches and pains, nasal congestion and oral blisters).
  • The diagnosis of strep throat is established either via a rapid strep test (RADT) or a throat culture.
  • Strep throat is cured by appropriate antibiotic therapy.
  • While rare, there are several complications that may develop from a strep throat infection.

REFERENCES:

American Academy of Pediatrics Red Book. Group A Streptococcal Infections. 2012: 668.

CDC.gov. Is it Strep Throat?

Pichichero, Michael. Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Infections. Pediatrics in Review. 1998; 19: 291-302.

Wald, Ellen. Antibiotic Treatment of Pharyngitis. Pediatrics in Review. 2001; 22: 255.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/4/2013

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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/strep_throat_gas/article.htm

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