font size

Stroke Prevention (cont.)

Do You Know Your Stroke Risk?

Some of the most important risk factors for stroke can be determined during a physical exam at your doctor's office. If you are over 55 years old, the worksheet below can help you estimate your risk of stroke and show the benefit of risk-factor control.

The worksheet was developed from NINDS-supported work in the well-known Framingham Study. Working with your doctor, you can develop a strategy to lower your risk to average or even below average for your age.

Score your stroke risk for the next 10 years-MEN

Key:

  • SBP = systolic blood pressure (score one line only, untreated or treated);

  • Diabetes = history of diabetes;

  • Cigarettes = smokes cigarettes;

  • CVD (cardiovascular disease) = history of heart disease;

  • AF = history of atrial fibrillation;

  • LVH = diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy

Score your stroke risk for the next 10 years-MEN
Points 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10
Age 55-56 57-59 60-62 63-65 66-68 69-72 73-75 76-78 79-81 83-84 85
SBD-untrd 97-105 106-115 116-125 126-135 136-145 146-155 156-165 166-175 176-185 186-195 196-205
or SBP-trtd 97-105 106-115 113-117 118-123 124-129 130-135 136-142 143-150 151-161 162-176 177-205
Diabetes No   Yes                
Cigarettes No     Yes              
CVD No       Yes            
AF No       Yes            
LV No         Yes          

Add Up Points from Table Above to Access Your Risk/Probability of Stroke

Your Points 10-Year Probability
1 3%
2 3%
3 4%
4 4%
5 5%
6 5%
7 6%
8 7%
9 8%
10 10%
11 11%
12 13%
13 15%
14 17%
15 20%
16 22%
17 26%
18 29%
19 33%
20 37%
21 42%
22 47%
23 52%
24 57%
25 63%
26 68%
27 74%
28 79%
29 84%
30 88%

Compare with Your Age Group Average 10-Year Probability of Stroke
55-59 5.9%
60-64 7.8%
65-69 11.0%
70-74 13.7%
75-79 18.0%
80-84 22.3%

Score your stroke risk for the next 10 years-WOMEN

Key:

  • SBP = systolic blood pressure (score one line only, untreated or treated);

  • Diabetes = history of diabetes;

  • Cigarettes = smokes cigarettes;

  • CVD (cardiovascular disease) = history of heart disease;

  • AF = history of atrial fibrillation;

  • LVH = diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy

Score your stroke risk for the next 10 years-WOMEN
Points 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10
Age 55-56 57-59 60-62 63-64 65-67 68-70 71-73 74-76 77-78 79-81 82-84
SBD-untrd   95-106 107-118 119-130 131-143 144-155 156-167 168-180 181-192 193-204 205-516
or SBP-trtd   95-106 107-113 114-119 120-125 126-131 132-139 140-148 149-160 161-204 205-216
Diabetes No     Yes              
Cigarettes No     Yes              
CVD No   Yes                
AF No           Yes        
LV No       Yes            

Add Up Points from Table Above to Access Your Risk/Probability of Stroke

Your Points 10-Year Probability
1 1%
2 1%
3 2%
4 2%
5 2%
6 3%
7 4%
8 4%
9 5%
10 6%
11 8%
12 9%
13 11%
14 13%
15 16%
16 19%
17 23%
18 27%
19 32%
20 37%
21 43%
22 50%
23 57%
24 64%
25 71%
26 78%
27 84%

Compare with Your Age Group Average 10-Year Probability of Stroke
55-59 3.0%
60-64 4.7%
65-69 7.2%
70-74 10.9%
75-79 15.5%
80-84 23.9%

Source: D'Agostino, R.B.; Wolf, P.A.; Belanger, A.J.; & Kannel, W.B. "Stroke Risk Profile: The Framingham Study." Stroke, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 40-43, January 1994.

Many risk factors for stroke can be managed, some very successfully. Although risk is never zero at any age, by starting early and controlling your risk factors you can lower your risk of death or disability from stroke. With good control, the risk of stroke in most age groups can be kept below that for accidental injury or death.

Americans have shown that stroke is preventable and treatable. In recent years, a better understanding of the causes of stroke has helped Americans make lifestyle changes that have cut the stroke death rate nearly in half.

Scientists at the NINDS predict that, with continued attention to reducing the risks of stroke and by using currently available therapies and developing new ones, Americans should be able to prevent 80 percent of all strokes.

SOURCE: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; "Brain Basics: Preventing Stroke," April 09, 2009


Last Editorial Review: 6/24/2009


Patient Comments

Viewers share their comments

Stroke Prevention - Warning Signs Question: What were the warning signs of a stroke in you or someone you know? Please describe your experience.
Stroke Prevention - Risk Question: Are you or someone you know at risk for having a stroke? What are your worries or concerns?
Stroke Prevention - Treatable Risk Factors Question: If you or a relative are at risk for having a stroke, what health and lifestyle changes have you made?
Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/stroke_prevention/article.htm

WebMD Daily

Get breaking medical news.

Stroke Prevention Related Articles
advertisement
advertisement
Use Pill Finder Find it Now See Interactions

Pill Identifier on RxList

  • quick, easy,
    pill identification

Find a Local Pharmacy

  • including 24 hour, pharmacies

Interaction Checker

  • Check potential drug interactions
Search the Medical Dictionary for Health Definitions & Medical Abbreviations