Sty (Stye) (cont.)
Patricia S. Bainter, MD
Dr. Bainter is a board-certified ophthalmologist. She received her BA from Pomona College in Claremont, CA, and her MD from the University of Colorado in Denver, CO. She completed an internal medicine internship at St. Joseph Hospital in Denver, CO, followed by an ophthalmology residency and a cornea and external disease fellowship, both at the University of Colorado. She became board certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology in 1998 and recertified in 2008. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Dr. Bainter practices general ophthalmology including cataract surgery and management of corneal and anterior segment diseases. She has volunteered in eye clinics in the Dominican Republic and Bosnia. She currently practices at One to One Eye Care in San Diego, CA.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is a sty?
- What causes a sty?
- What are the risk factors for a sty?
- How is a sty diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a sty?
- Are home remedies effective for a sty?
- What is the prognosis for a sty?
- Can a sty be prevented?
- Find a local Eye Doctor in your town
Are home remedies effective for a sty?
The best home remedy is to apply a warm compress as often as possible. It is important to remember that a chalazion may take months to resolve completely.
What is the prognosis for a sty?
A hordeolum may resolve in a matter of days, while a chalazion may take months. Both types of stys should resolve completely once the plugged gland drains. If an infection sets in, medical treatment will be necessary.
Recurrence is likely if chronic underlying conditions aren't addressed. In the case of meibomitis, your eye doctor will likely recommend daily cleansing of the eyelids and eyelashes with a gentle soap (such as baby shampoo). Increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids in the diet or from supplements may also help improve the flow of the sebum. Small doses of oral doxycycline are prescribed for acne rosacea and meibomitis in some patients.
Can a sty be prevented?
The best prevention is to keep the eyelids and eyelashes clean. A diet high in omega-3 fatty acids is associated with improvement of meibomian gland function.
Ben Simon, G. J., et al. "Intralesional triamcinolone acetonide injection versus incision and curettage for primary chalazia: a prospective, randomized study." American Journal of Ophthalmology 151.4 (2011): 714-718.
Driver, P. J. and M. A. Lemp. "Meibomian gland dysfunction." Survey of Ophthalmology 40.5 (1996): 343-367.
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