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Mechanism of Action
Suprenza is a sympathomimetic amine with pharmacologic activity similar to the prototype drugs of this class used in obesity, amphetamine (d- and dll-amphetamine). Drugs of this class used in obesity are commonly known as “anorectics” or “anorexigenics.” It has not been established that the primary action of such drugs in treating obesity is one of appetite suppression since other central nervous system actions, or metabolic effects, may also be involved.
Typical actions of amphetamines include central nervous system stimulation and elevation of blood pressure. Tachyphylaxis and tolerance have been demonstrated with all drugs of this class in which these phenomena have been looked for.
In terms of rate and extent of exposure, phentermine orally disintegrating tablets are equivalent to phentermine capsules and tablets administered under fasting conditions.
Following the administration of the oral disintegrating tablet (ODT), phentermine reaches peak concentrations (Cmax) after 3.0 to 4.4 hours. Swallowing the ODT after disintegration with or without water did not affect the extent (AUC) of phentermine exposure.
Administration of the ODT after a high fat/high calorie breakfast decreased the Cmax of phentermine by approximately 5% and the AUC by approximately 12%. Despite the decrease in Cmax and AUC, phentermine ODT can be administered with or without food.
Swallowing the ODT without prior disintegration decreased the Cmax of phentermine by approximately 7% and the AUC by approximately 8% compared to swallowing the ODT after disintegration.
In a single-dose study comparing the exposures after oral administration of a combination capsule of 15 mg phentermine and 92 mg topiramate to the exposures after oral administration of a 15 mg phentermine capsule or a 92 mg topiramate capsule, there is no significant topiramate exposure change in the presence of phentermine. However in the presence of topiramate, phentermine Cmax and AUC increase 13% and 42%, respectively.
Suprenza was not studied in patients with renal impairment. The literature reported cumulative urinary excretion of phentermine under uncontrolled urinary pH conditions is 62%-85%. Exposure increases can be expected in patients with renal impairment. Use caution when administering Suprenza to patients with renal impairment.
No clinical studies have been conducted with Suprenza.
In relatively short-term clinical trials, adult obese subjects instructed in dietary management and treated with “anorectic” drugs lost more weight on the average than those treated with placebo and diet.
The magnitude of increased weight loss of drug-treated patients over placebo-treated patients is only a fraction of a pound a week. The rate of weight loss is greatest in the first weeks of therapy for both drug and placebo subjects and tends to decrease in succeeding weeks. The possible origins of the increased weight loss due to the various drug effects are not established. The amount of weight loss associated with the use of an “anorectic” drug varies from trial to trial, and the increased weight loss appears to be related in part to variables other than the drugs prescribed, such as the physician-investigator, the population treated and the diet prescribed. Studies do not permit conclusions as to the relative importance of the drug and non-drug factors on weight loss.
The natural history of obesity is measured over several years, whereas the studies cited are restricted to a few weeks' duration; thus, the total impact of drug-induced weight loss over that of diet alone must be considered clinically limited.
Last reviewed on RxList: 7/2/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Suprenza Information
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