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Clinical experience with SYPRINE (trientine) has been limited. The following adverse reactions have been reported in a clinical study in patients with Wilson's disease who were on therapy with trientine hydrochloride: iron deficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY). In addition, the following adverse reactions have been reported in marketed use: dystonia, muscular spasm, myasthenia gravis.
SYPRINE (trientine) is not indicated for treatment of biliary cirrhosis, but in one study of 4 patients treated with trientine hydrochloride for primary biliary cirrhosis, the following adverse reactions were reported: heartburn; epigastric pain and tenderness; thickening, fissuring and flaking of the skin; hypochromic microcytic anemia; acute gastritis; aphthoid ulcers; abdominal pain; melena; anorexia; malaise; cramps; muscle pain; weakness; rhabdomyolysis. A causal relationship of these reactions to drug therapy could not be rejected or established.
Read the Syprine (trientine) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effects
In general, mineral supplements should not be given since they may block the absorption of SYPRINE (trientine) . However, iron deficiency may develop, especially in children and menstruating or pregnant women, or as a result of the low copper diet recommended for Wilson's disease. If necessary, iron may be given in short courses, but since iron and SYPRINE (trientine) each inhibit absorption of the other, two hours should elapse between administration of SYPRINE (trientine) and iron.
It is important that SYPRINE (trientine) be taken on an empty stomach, at least one hour before meals or two hours after meals and at least one hour apart from any other drug, food, or milk. This permits maximum absorption and reduces the likelihood of inactivation of the drug by metal binding in the gastrointestinal tract.
Read the Syprine Drug Interactions Center for a complete guide to possible interactions
Last reviewed on RxList: 5/19/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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