"Many of the projected 135-139 million doses of influenza vaccines being produced for this flu season for use in the U.S. are now available to consumers from six manufacturers licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
(oseltamivir phosphate) Capsules and Oral Suspension
- Capsules containing 30 mg, 45 mg, or 75 mg of oseltamivir for oral use, in the form of oseltamivir phosphate, and
- A powder for oral suspension, which when constituted with water as directed contains 6 mg per mL oseltamivir base.
In addition to the active ingredient, each capsule contains croscarmellose sodium, povidone K30, pregelatinized starch, sodium stearyl fumarate and talc. The 30 mg capsule shell contains gelatin, red iron oxide, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide. The 45 mg capsule shell contains black iron oxide, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 75 mg capsule shell contains black iron oxide, gelatin, red iron oxide, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide. Each capsule is printed with blue ink, which includes FD&C Blue No. 2 as the colorant.
In addition to the active ingredient, the powder for oral suspension contains monosodium citrate, saccharin sodium, sodium benzoate, sorbitol, titanium dioxide, tutti-frutti flavoring, and xanthan gum.
Oseltamivir phosphate is a white crystalline solid with the chemical name (3R,4R,5S)-4-acetylamino-5-amino3(1-ethylpropoxy)-1-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic acid, ethyl ester, phosphate (1:1). The chemical formula is C16H28N2O4 (free base). The molecular weight is 312.4 for oseltamivir free base and 410.4 for oseltamivir phosphate salt. The structural formula is as follows:
What are the possible side effects of oseltamivir (Tamiflu)?
Stop using oseltamivir and get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat; a red and blistering or peeling skin rash.
Some people using oseltamivir have had rare side effects of sudden confusion, delirium, hallucinations, unusual behavior, or self-injury. These symptoms have occurred most often in children. It is not known whether oseltamivir was the exact cause of these symptoms. However, anyone using oseltamivir should be watched closely for signs of confusion or...
What are the precautions when taking oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu)?
Before taking oseltamivir, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease (including dialysis treatment).
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing...
Last reviewed on RxList: 6/30/2016
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
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