"Jan. 8, 2013 -- Parkinson's disease itself doesn't seem to raise a person's risk for compulsive addictions to things like gambling, shopping, or sex, a new study shows.
Compulsive behaviors affect about 14% of Parkinson's patients tre"...
TASMAR (tolcapone) is indicated as an adjunct to levodopa and carbidopa for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's acute fulminant liver failure, TASMAR (tolcapone) should ordinarily be used in patients with Parkinson's experiencing symptom disease fluctuations -dopa/carbidopaand are not responding satisfactorily to or are not appropriate candidates for other adjunctive therapies. Because of the risk of liver injury and because TASMAR (tolcapone) , when it is effective, provides an observable symptomatic benefit, the patient who fails to show substantial clinical benefit within 3 weeks of initiation of treatment, should be withdrawn from TASMAR (tolcapone) .
The effectiveness of TASMAR (tolcapone) was demonstrated in randomized controlled trials in patients receiving concomitant levodopa therapy with carbidopa or another aromatic amino acid decarboxylase inhibitor who experienced end of dose wearing-off phenomena as well as in patients who did not experience such phenomena (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: Clinical Studies).
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Because of the risk of potentially fatal, acute fulminant liver failure, TASMAR (tolcapone) should ordinarily be used in patients with Parkinson's disease on l-dopa/carbidopa who are experiencing symptom fluctuations and are not responding satisfactorily to or are not appropriate candidates for other adjunctive therapies (see INDICATIONS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION sections).
BECAUSE OF THE RISK OF LIVER INJURY AND BECAUSE TASMAR (tolcapone) WHEN IT IS EFFECTIVE PROVIDES AN OBSERVABLE SYMPTOMATIC BENEFIT, THE PATIENT WHO FAILS TO SHOW SUBSTANTIAL CLINICAL BENEFIT WITHIN 3 WEEKS OF INITIATION OF TREATMENT, SHOULD BE WITHDRAWN FROM TASMAR (tolcapone) .
TASMAR (tolcapone) therapy should not be initiated if the patient exhibits clinical evidence of liver disease or two SGPT/ALT or SGOT/AST values greater than the upper limit of normal. Patients with severe dyskinesia or dystonia should be treated with caution (see PRECAUTIONS: Rhabdomyolysis).
Patients who develop evidence of hepatocellular injury while on TASMAR (tolcapone) and are withdrawn from the drug for any reason may be at increased risk for liver injury if TASMAR (tolcapone) is reintroduced. Accordingly, such patients should not ordinarily be considered for retreatment.
Treatment with TASMAR (tolcapone) should always be initiated at a dose of 100 mg tid, always as an adjunct to levodopa/carbidopa therapy. The recommended daily dose of TASMAR (tolcapone) is also 100 mg tid. In clinical trials, elevations in ALT occurred more frequently at the dose of 200 mg tid. While it is unknown whether the risk of acute fulminant liver failure is increased at the 200-mg dose, it would be prudent to use 200 mg only if the anticipated incremental clinical benefit is justified (see BOXED WARNING, WARNINGS, PRECAUTIONS: Laboratory Tests). If a patient fails to show the expected incremental benefit on the 200-mg dose after a total of 3 weeks of treatment (regardless of dose), TASMAR (tolcapone) should be discontinued.
In clinical trials, the first dose of the day of TASMAR (tolcapone) was always taken together with the first dose of the day of levodopa/carbidopa, and the subsequent doses of TASMAR (tolcapone) were given approximately 6 and 12 hours later.
In clinical trials, the majority of patients required a decrease in their daily levodopa dose if their daily dose of levodopa was > 600 mg or if patients had moderate or severe dyskinesias before beginning treatment.
To optimize an individual patient's response, reductions in daily levodopa dose may be necessary. In clinical trials, the average reduction in daily levodopa dose was about 30% in those patients requiring a levodopa dose reduction. (Greater than 70% of patients with levodopa doses above 600 mg daily required such a reduction.)
TASMAR (tolcapone) can be combined with both the immediate and sustained release formulations of levodopa/carbidopa.
TASMAR may be taken with or without food (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).
Patients With Impaired Hepatic Function
TASMAR (tolcapone) therapy should not be initiated if any patient with liver disease or two SGPT/ALT or SGOT/AST values greater than the upper limit of normal. (See BOXED WARNING, WARNINGS, and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).
Patients With Impaired Renal Function
No dose adjustment of TASMAR (tolcapone) is recommended for patients with mild to moderate renal impairment. However, patients with severe renal impairment should be treated with caution. The safety of tolcapone has not been examined in subjects who had creatinine clearance less than 25 mL/min (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).
Withdrawing Patients From TASMAR (tolcapone)
As with any dopaminergic drug, withdrawal or abrupt reduction in the TASMAR (tolcapone) dose may lead to emergence of signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease or Hyperpyrexia and Confusion, a syndrome complex resembling the neuroleptic malignant syndrome (see PRECAUTIONS: Events Reported With Dopaminergic Therapy). If a decision is made to discontinue treatment with TASMAR (tolcapone) , then it is recommended to closely monitor the patient and adjust other dopaminergic treatments as needed. This syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis for any patient who develops a high fever or severe rigidity. Tapering TASMAR (tolcapone) has not been systematically evaluated. As the duration of COMT inhibition with TASMAR (tolcapone) is generally 5 to 6 hours on average, decreasing the frequency of dosage to twice or once a day may not in itself prevent withdrawal effects.
TASMAR (tolcapone) is supplied as film-coated tablets containing 100 mg or 200 mg tolcapone. The 100 mg beige tablet and the 200 mg reddish-brown tablet are hexagonal and biconvex. Imprinted with black ink on one side of the tablet is TASMAR (tolcapone) and the tablet strength (100 or 200), on the other side is a V.
TASMAR (tolcapone) 100 mg Tablets: bottles of 90 (NDC 0187-0938-01).
TASMAR (tolcapone) 200 mg Tablets: bottles of 90 (NDC 0187-0939-01).
Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) in tight containers as defined in USP/NF.
Manufactured for: Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, One Enterprise, Aliso Viejo, CA 92656 USA. Revised: March 2008.
Last reviewed on RxList: 3/12/2009
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Tasmar Information
Tasmar - User Reviews
Tasmar User Reviews
Now you can gain knowledge and insight about a drug treatment with Patient Discussions.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Get breaking medical news.