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Temovate Gel

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/3/2017
Drug Description

TEMOVATE®
(clobetasol propionate) Gel, 0.05%

FOR TOPICAL DERMATOLOGIC USE ONLY
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC, ORAL, OR INTRA VAGINAL USE

DESCRIPTION

TEMOVATE (clobetasol propionate gel) Gel contains the active compound clobetasol propionate, a synthetic corticosteroid, for topical dermatologic use. Clobetasol, an analog of prednisolone, has a high degree of glucocorticoid activity and a slight degree of mineratocorticoid activity.

Chemically, clobetasol propionate is (118,168)- 21 -chforo-9-fluoro-11 -hydroxy-16-methyl-17- (1 -oxopropoxy)-pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, and it has the following structural formula:

TEMOVATE (clobetasol propionate) structural formula illustration

Clobetasol propionate has the empirical formula C25H32CIFO5 and a molecular weight of 467. It is a white to cream-colored crystalline powder insoluble in water.

TEMOVATE Gel contains clobetasol propionate 0.5 mg/g in a base of propylene glycol, carbomer 934P, sodium hydroxide, and purified water.

For Consumers

What are the possible side effects of clobetasol topical?

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Although the risk of serious side effects is low when clobetasol topical is applied to the skin, you should be aware of side effects that can occur if the medication is absorbed into your bloodstream.

Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have severe irritation of any treated skin, or if you show signs of absorbing clobetasol topical through your skin, such as:

  • blurred vision, or...
Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) is a superhigh potency corticosteroid formulation indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Treatment beyond 2 consecutive weeks is not recommended, and the total dosage should not exceed 50 g/week because of the potential for the drug to suppress the hypothalamic-pituftary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Use in pediatric patients under 12 years of age is not recommended.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Apply a thin layer of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) to the affected skin areas twice daily and rub in gently and completely (see INDICATIONS AND USAGE).

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) is a super-high potency topical corticosteroid; therefore, treatment should be limited to 2 consecutive weeks and amounts greater than 50 g/week should not be used.

As with other highly active corticosteroids, therapy should be discontinued when control has been achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of diagnosis may be necessary.

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) should not be used with occlusive dressings.

Geriatric Use: In studies where geriatric patients (65 years of age or older, see PRECAUTIONS) have been treated with TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) , safety did not differ from that in younger patients; therefore, no dosage adjustment is recommended.

HOW SUPPLIED

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) , 0.05% is supplied in 15-g (NDC 0173-0455-01), 30-g (NDC 0173-0455-02), and 60-g (NDC 0173-0455-03) tubes. Store between 2° and 30°C (36° and 86°F).

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, July 2000. FDA rev date: 4/2/2003

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

In a controlled trial with TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) , the only reported adverse reaction that was considered to be drug related was a report of burning sensation (1.8% of treated patients).

In larger controlled clinical trials with other clobetasol propionate formulations, the most frequently reported adverse reactions have included burning, stinging, irritation, pruritus, erythema, folliculitis, cracking and fissuring of the skin, numbness of fingers, skin atrophy, and telangiectasia (all less than 2%).

Cushing's syndrome has been reported in infants and adults as a result of prolonged use of topical clobetasol propionate formulations.

The following additional local adverse reactions are reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with super-high potency corticosteroids such as TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) . These reactions are listed in approximate decreasing order of occurrence: dryness, hypertrichosis, acnerform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infection, irritation, striae, and miliaria.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No information provided.

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Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

No information provided.

PRECAUTIONS

General: Clobetasol propionate is a highly potent topical corticosteroid that has been shown to suppress the HPA axis at doses as low as 2 g/day.

Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible HPA axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal from treatment. Manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria can also be produced in some patients by systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids while on therapy.

Patients applying a topical steroid to a large surface area or to areas under occlusion should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression. This may be done by using the ACTH stimulation, A.M. plasma Cortisol, and urinary free Cortisol tests. Patients receiving super-potent corticosteroids should not be treated for more than 2 weeks at a time, and only small areas shoufd be treated at any one time due to the increased risk of HPA suppression.

If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent corticosteroid. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of topical corticosteroids, infrequently, signs and symptoms of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency may occur that require supplemental systemic corticosteroids. For information on systemic supplementation, see prescribing information for those products.

Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity from equivalent doses due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios (see PRECAUTIONS: Pediatric Use).

If irritation develops, TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing a failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation as with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing.

If concomitant skin infections are present or develop, an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be used. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, use of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) should not be used in the treatment of rosacea or perioral dermatitis, and should not be used on the face, groin, or axillae.

Laboratory Tests: The following tests may be helpful in evaluating patients for HPA axis suppression:

ACTH stimulation test
A.M. plasma Cortisol test
Urinary free Cortisol test

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of clobetasol propionate.

Studies in the rat following subcutaneous administration at dosage levels up to 50 mcg/kg per day revealed that the females exhibited an increase in the number of resorbed embryos and a decrease in the number of living fetuses at the highest dose.

Clobetasol propionate was nonmutagenic in 3 different test systems: the Ames test, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene conversion assay, and the E coli B WP2 fluctuation test.

Pregnancy. Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category C. Corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemicaliy at relatively low dosage levels. Some corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application to laboratory animals.

Clobetasol propionate has not been tested for teratogenicity when applied topically; however, it is absorbed percutaneously, and when administered subcutaneously it was a significant teratogen in both the rabbit and mouse. Clobetasol propionate has greater teratogenic potential than steroids that are less potent.

Teratogenicity studies in mice using the subcutaneous route resulted in fetotoxicity at the highest dose tested (1 mg/kg) and teratogenicity at all dose levels tested down to 0.03 mg/kg. These doses are approximately 1.4 and 0.04 times, respectively, the human topical dose of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) . Abnormalities seen included cleft palate and skeletal abnormalities.

In rabbits, clobetasol propionate was teratogenic at doses of 3 and 10 mcg/kg. These doses are approximately 0.02 and 0.05 times, respectively, the human topical dose of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) . Abnormalities seen included cleft palate, cranioschisis, and other skeletal abnormalities.

There are no adequate and welt-controlled studies of the teratogenic potential of clobetasol propionate in pregnant women. TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Nursing Mothers: Systemicaliy administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) in children and infants have not been established; therefore, use in children under 12 years of age is not recommended. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, children are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are therefore also at greater risk of adrenal insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment and of Cushing's syndrome while on treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in infants and children (see PRECAUTIONS).

HPA axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been repotted in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma Cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation.

Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.

Geriatric Use: A limited number of patients at or above 65 years of age (n = 37) have been treated with TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) in US clinical trials. The number of patients is too small to permit separate analysis of efficacy and safety, and no adverse events were reported in geriatric patients. Based on available data, no adjustment of dosage of TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) in geriatric patients is warranted.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

Topically applied TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see PRECAUTIONS).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) is contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Like other topical corticosteroids, clobetasol propionate has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic, and vasoconstrictive properties. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical steroids, in general, is unclear. However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase Aj inhibitory proteins, collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins contra! the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor, arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.

Pharmacokinetics: The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors, including the vehicle and the integrity of the epidermal barrier. Occlusive dressing with hydrocortisone for up to 24 hours has not been demonstrated to increase penetration; however, occlusion of hydrocortisone for 96 hours markedly enhances penetration. Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin may increase percutaneous absorption. Greater absorption was observed for the TEMOVATE gel (clobetasol propionate gel) formulation as compared to the cream formulation in in vitro human skin penetration studies.

Studies performed with TEMOVATE Gel (clobetasol propionate gel) indicate that it is in the super-high range of potency as compared with other topical corticosteroids.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

  1.  This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
  2.  This medication should not be used for any disorder other than that for which it was prescribed.
  3.  The treated skin area should not be bandaged, otherwise covered, or wrapped so as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
  4.  Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions to the physician.
  5.  Patients should inform their physicians that they are using TEMOVATE if surgery is contemplated.

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