July 30, 2016

Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts

  • The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome.
  • Causes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing.
  • Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include
    • pain in the jaw joint,
    • jaw clicking and popping,
    • ear pain,
    • popping sounds in ears,
    • headaches,
    • stiff or sore jaw muscles,
    • pain in the temple area, or
    • locking of the jaw joint.
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome often responds to home remedies, including ice packs to the joint, over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), avoiding chewing gum, massage or gentle stretches of the jaw and neck, and stress reduction.
  • When home treatment does not work, medical treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome includes dental splints, Botox injections, physical therapy, prescription medications, and in severe cases, surgery.
  • The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good as the disorder can usually be managed with self-care and home remedies. Continue Reading
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Reviewed on 3/29/2016
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