Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
- What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
- What causes TMJ syndrome?
- What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
- How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome?
- What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
- Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good. There are numerous causes for TMJ syndrome, so the outlook depends on the cause, if known. Most people can manage the discomfort with self-care and home remedies.
When medical treatments are needed, they are usually conservative and effective.
In severe situations, where pain is chronic, or associated with other inflammatory disorders, long-term treatment may be necessary.
Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
Symptoms of TMJ syndrome tend to be episodic and related to stress and lifestyle.
Often symptoms can be prevented using self-care at home, such as:
- Eating soft foods
- Avoiding chewing gum
- Maintaining proper posture
- Practicing stress reduction and relaxation techniques
- Using dental splint appliances as recommended by your jaw care professional
- While exercising, working, or participating in sports, using proper safety equipment to prevent jaw fractures and dislocations
The TMJ Association.
"TMJ." Amerian Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Dec. 2010.
"Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disoders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 10 Nov. 2011.
"TMJ Disorders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Aug. 2013.
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