Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) (cont.)
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
- What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
- What causes TMJ syndrome?
- What are TMJ syndrome symptoms and signs?
- How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome? Are there any home remedies that provide TMJ pain relief?
- What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good. There are numerous causes for TMJ syndrome, so the outlook depends on the cause, if known. Most people can manage the discomfort with self-care and home remedies.
Complications of long-term TMJ syndrome include chronic face pain or chronic headaches. In severe situations, where pain is chronic, or associated with other inflammatory disorders, long-term treatment may be necessary.
Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?
Symptoms of TMJ syndrome tend to be episodic and related to stress and lifestyle.
Prevention of TMJ syndrome symptoms can often be achieved using self-care at home, such as
- eating soft foods;
- avoiding chewing gum;
- maintaining proper posture;
- practicing stress reduction and relaxation techniques;
- using dental splint appliances as recommended by a jaw care professional;
- while exercising, working, or participating in sports, using proper safety equipment to prevent jaw fractures and dislocations.
Scrivani, J., and Noshir R. Mehta. "Temporomandibular Disorders in Adults." UpToDate.com. Aug. 2015. <http://www.uptodate.com/contents/temporomandibular-disorders-in-adults?source=search_result&search=tmj&selectedTitle=1~77>.
"Study Evaluates Risk Factors for Chronic Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disoders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. 10 Nov. 2011.
"TMJ." Amerian Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. Dec. 2010.
The TMJ Association. "Arthroscopy." June 18, 2014. <http://tmj.org/site/page?pageId=263>.
"TMJ Disorders." National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Aug. 2013.
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