Testicular Disorders (cont.)
Steven Doerr, MD
Steven Doerr, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Doerr received his undergraduate degree in Spanish from the University of Colorado at Boulder. He graduated with his Medical Degree from the University Of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, Colorado in 1998 and completed his residency training in Emergency Medicine from Denver Health Medical Center in Denver, Colorado in 2002, where he also served as Chief Resident.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- Testicular pain facts
- What is testicular pain (pain in the testicles or balls)?
- What function do the testicles have?
- What causes testicular pain?
- What are the signs and symptoms of conditions causing testicular pain?
- Testicular torsion symptoms
- Epididymitis symptoms
- Torsion of a testicular/scrotum appendage symptoms
- Kidney stone symptoms
- Testicular tumor symptoms
- Trauma symptoms
- Inguinal hernia symptoms
- Orchitis symptoms
- How are the causes of testicular pain diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for testicular pain?
- What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?
- How can testicular pain be prevented?
- Find a local Urologist in your town
Kidney stone symptoms
Occasionally, kidney stones can cause pain in the testicles. The testicles, however, appear normal without swelling or redness. Other signs and symptoms of kidney stones may include:
- back (flank) pain and tenderness,
- abdominal pain,
- nausea and vomiting,
- urinary symptoms, such as blood in the urine, discomfort with urination and urinary frequency.
Testicular tumor symptoms
Although testicular tumors can occasionally cause testicular pain, they are usually painless. Signs and symptoms may include:
- a lump or mass of the testicle,
- a change in the size or texture of the testicle,
- a dull ache of the lower abdomen, lower back or groin area, and
- a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
In general, patients will relate a history of trauma to the genital area and testicular pain may range from severe to absent at the time the male goes to a health-care professional. Though in some cases the mechanism of injury may seem minor, serious underlying testicular injury may be present, and the following signs and symptoms may be observed:
- Testicular and/or scrotal tenderness, swelling or bruising
- Bruising of the area between the scrotum and the anus (perineum)
- Nausea and vomiting.
Inguinal hernia symptoms
Inguinal hernias are common and they can sometimes cause discomfort in the scrotum and/or testicles (balls). Signs and symptoms of an inguinal hernia may include:
- a bulge in the scrotum or in the inguinal area, that may become more pronounced with coughing or straining; and
- a dull ache or burning sensation in the scrotum and/or testicles.
Because orchitis generally occurs as a consequence of an infection (most often mumps), it is typically also accompanied by other systemic infectious symptoms. Testicular pain may range from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms of orchitis may include the following:
- testicular and/or scrotal tenderness, swelling or redness,
- fever and chills,
- body aches,
- fatigue, and
- parotid gland inflammation (parotitis) in cases of mumps.
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