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Testicular Disorders (cont.)

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What are the complications of the conditions causing testicular pain?

The complications associated with the different causes of testicular pain may include the following.

Testicular torsion complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • infection
  • cosmetic deformity

Epididymitis complications

  • epididymo-orchitis
  • abscess (a collection of pus) formation
  • impaired fertility
  • systemic blood infection (sepsis)

Torsion of a testicular appendage complications

  • no significant complications exist

Trauma complications

  • permanent damage to the testicle
  • atrophy (decrease in size) of the testicle
  • loss of testicle
  • infertility
  • abscess formation
  • cosmetic deformity
  • testicular torsion

Inguinal hernia complications

  • incarceration (hernia unable to be pushed back in)
  • strangulation (disruption to the blood supply of the intestine protruding through the abdominal wall defect)

Orchitis complications

  • atrophy of the testicle
  • impaired fertility
  • abscess formation

Kidney stone complications

  • permanent kidney damage
  • urosepsis (systemic blood infection arising from infected urine)

Testicular tumor complications

  • The complications of a testicular tumor vary depending on the underlying type of tumor and the extent of disease.

How can testicular pain be prevented?

There are a few measures that you can take to prevent certain causes of testicular pain. However, many of the causes are not entirely preventable.

  • For epididymitis or bacterial orchitis caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), condom use can reduce the risk of transmission of STDs
  • The use of appropriate protective gear during sporting activities can help prevent testicular trauma.
  • Mumps immunization can decrease the incidence of viral orchitis.

Medically reviewed by Rambod Rouhbakhsh, MD, MBA, FAAFP; Diplomat, American Board of Family Medicine

REFERENCES:

MedscapeReference.com. Epididymitis.

MedscapeReference.com. Orchitis.

MedscapeReference.com. Testicular Cancer.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/15/2014

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