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[Antithrombin III (Human)] for IV Injection


THROMBATE III, Antithrombin III (Human), is a sterile, non-pyrogenic concentrate of human antithrombin III (AT) in lyophilized powder form for reconstitution for intravenous injection. When reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection, USP, THROMBATE III has a pH of 6.0 to 7.5 and contains 110 mEq/L to 210 mEq/L sodium, 110 mEq/L to 210 mEq/L chloride, 0.075 M to 0.125 M alanine, and not more than 0.1 unit of heparin per 1 unit of AT. THROMBATE III contains no preservative.

THROMBATE III is prepared from pooled units of human plasma from normal donors. The capacity of the THROMBATE III manufacturing process to remove and/or inactivate enveloped and non-enveloped viruses has been validated by laboratory spiking studies on a scaled down process model using a wide range of viruses with diverse physicochemical properties. There are two dedicated virus inactivation/removal steps included in the THROMBATE III manufacturing process: a heat treatment step at 60°C ± 0.5°C for not less than 10 hours for virus inactivation and a nanofiltration step for effective removal of viruses as small as 18 nm.

The THROMBATE III manufacturing process was also investigated for its capacity to decrease the infectivity of an experimental agent of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), considered as a model for the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agents. An individual production step in the THROMBATE III manufacturing process has been shown to decrease TSE infectivity of that experimental model agent. The TSE reduction step is the Effluent I to Effluent II + III fractionation step (6.0 log ). These studies provide reasonable assurance that low levels of vCJD/CJD agent infectivity, if present in the starting material, would be removed.

Last reviewed on RxList: 11/29/2016
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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