Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
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- Thrush (oropharyngeal candidiasis) is a medical condition in which a fungus called Candida albicans overgrows in the mouth and throat.
- Thrush may be caused by a variety of factors, including illness, pregnancy, medications, smoking, or dentures.
- Thrush in infants is common and usually not harmful.
- Risk factors for thrush include weakened immune systems, medications, smoking, or stress.
- Symptoms of thrush include white patches in the mouth, inner cheeks, throat, and tongue, as well as pain and soreness in the mouth.
- Thrush is usually diagnosed by clinical examination by a physician or dentist.
- Treatment for thrush depends on the severity and the cause, and can include simple home remedies, oral medications, or systemic medications.
- The prognosis for mild cases of thrush is good. The outlook for severe cases depends on the underlying cause and the status of the patient's immune system.
- Thrush can be prevented in most cases by risk factor modification.
Reviewed on 4/23/2014
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