John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
In this Article
- Thrush facts
- What is thrush?
- What causes thrush?
- What are risk factors for thrush?
- What are thrush symptoms and signs?
- How is thrush diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for thrush?
- Are there home remedies for thrush?
- What is the prognosis of thrush?
- Can thrush be prevented?
What is the prognosis of thrush?
The prognosis of thrush depends on the severity of the infection and the status of the immune system of the patient.
Mild cases of thrush that are caused by some of the reversible risk factors are generally easily treated. The prognosis is good for mild cases.
Thrush in infants and children is rarely serious or life-threatening and often goes away on its own without any need for medical treatment. If your child's thrush does not improve within two weeks, consult your child's pediatrician.
Patients with weakened immune systems are at risk for severe and life-threatening complications. These patients can become critically ill or die from severe Candida infections. Candida can spread throughout the body to other organs and can cause severe dysfunction. Systemic treatment in addition to long-term hospitalization may be necessary.
Can thrush be prevented?
Thrush can be easily prevented in healthy adults by modifying the risk factors that contribute to Candida fungus overgrowth.
Risk factor modifications to prevent thrush include:
- Brush and floss your teeth regularly and maintain proper oral hygiene.
- See your dentist regularly.
- If you wear dentures, keep them clean, properly maintained, and well-fitted.
- Keep your diabetes under control.
- Quit smoking.
- Eat a balanced, healthy diet that is low in sugar and yeast.
- Limit use of antibiotics. Only use as prescribed by a physician.
To prevent thrush in babies or nursing infants, keep pacifiers and bottle nipples clean and sterilized. Nursing mothers should discuss the use of any over-the-counter or prescribed medications with their doctor before breastfeeding as some medications may increase the risk of causing thrush.
Newman, Jack. "Grapefruit Seed Extract for Treatment of Thrush." Canadian Breastfeeding Foundation. Jan. 2005. <http://www.canadianbreastfeedingfoundation.org/basics/grapefruit_seed.shtml>.
Tonn, Elverne M., ed. "Dental Health and Thrush." WebMD.com. May 8, 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/dental-health-thrush>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Oral Candidiasis." Mar. 25, 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/candidiasis/thrush/>.
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