Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
Table of Contents
- Thrush facts
- What is thrush?
- What causes thrush?
- What are risk factors for thrush?
- What are thrush symptoms and signs?
- How do physicians diagnose thrush?
- What is the treatment for thrush?
- Are there home remedies for thrush?
- What types of doctors treat oral thrush?
- What is the prognosis of thrush?
- Is it possible to prevent thrush?
What is the treatment for thrush?
Treatment of thrush depends on the cause and severity of the infection.
If thrush is caused by something reversible, such as taking antibiotics, smoking, ill-fitting dentures, or poorly controlled diabetes, these factors must be corrected as part of the treatment.
Infants, toddlers, and children with thrush often do not require treatment. In children who have thrush for more than a few weeks, a child's pediatrician may prescribe antifungal nystatin (Mycostatin, Nilstat, Nystex) drops.
If an adult patient is diagnosed with a mild case of thrush, the doctor may prescribe an antifungal mouthwash (nystatin) or lozenges (clotrimazole [Mycelex]) for short-term use. Miconazole buccal (Oravig) is an antifungal medication that consists of a tablet placed in the upper gum region and dissolved in the mouth to get rid of thrush.
For more severe cases of thrush or if someone has other reasons for a weakened immune system, he or she may need stronger systemic medications, such as fluconazole (Diflucan) or itraconazole (Sporanox). These medications usually work better than ketoconazole (Nizoral). For severe or resistant thrush, amphotericin B may be prescribed. Continue Reading