William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
- Toothache facts
- What is a toothache?
- What are dental causes of toothaches and how are they treated?
- Dental cavities and dental abscesses
- Gum disease
- Tooth root sensitivities
- Cracked tooth syndrome
- Temporalmandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
- Impaction and eruption
- What are non-dental causes of toothaches?
- How is toothache during pregnancy managed?
- Are home remedies effective for toothaches?
- Can toothaches be prevented?
- Patient Comments: Toothache - Treatments
- Patient Comments: Toothache - Describe Your Experience
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- The most common cause of a toothache is a dental cavity.
- The second most common cause of toothache is gum disease.
- A toothache can be caused by a problem that does not originate from a tooth or the jaw.
- During pregnancy, the ideal time for non-emergency dental treatment is during the second trimester or if possible, after delivery.
- Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen (Motrin or Advil) can be effective pain relief when taken on a schedule.
What is a toothache?
A toothache refers to pain around the teeth or jaws primarily as a result of a dental condition. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, or gum disease. However, disorders of the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint) can also cause pain that is referred to as "toothache." Moreover, sinus infection can mimic a toothache.
The severity of a toothache can range from chronic and mild to sharp and excruciating. The pain may be aggravated by chewing or temperature (cold or heat). A thorough oral examination, which includes dental X-rays, can help determine the cause of the pain and whether it is coming from a tooth or other non-dental problem.
What are dental causes of toothaches and how are they treated?
Common dental causes of toothaches include dental cavities, dental abscess, gum disease, irritation of the tooth root, cracked tooth syndrome, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, impaction, and eruption.
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