Toothache

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The symptoms of toothache include sharp pain or dull pain in or around a tooth. The most common cause of a toothache is a dental cavity as a result of tooth decay. Dental cavities and toothache can be prevented by proper oral hygiene. Another common cause of toothache is gum disease. Toothache can also be a result of an injury or an abscess of the tooth. Toothache symptoms can be caused by a problem that does not originate from a tooth or the jaw. Symptoms of toothache can be mimicked by sinus infection, shingles, and other diseases.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/5/2014

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REFERENCE:

Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.

Causes of Toothache
    • Cavities Learn more about cavities including symptoms, treatment, and prevention. See how tooth decay, plaque, and bacteria contribute to...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cavities Article
      • What are cavities?
      • What are microcavities?
      • How does a cavity form?
      • What risk factors contribute to tooth decay?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of cavities?
      • How are cavities diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for cavities?
      • What is CAMBRA?
      • Treatment of cavities during pregnancy
      • What is the prognosis of a cavity?
    • Dental Injuries Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...learn more »
      In This Article
      Dental Injuries Article
      • Dental injury facts
      • Introduction
      • What is a tooth fracture?
      • What is a serious tooth fracture?
      • What about a chipped tooth?
      • What about a fracture of the enamel and dentin?
      • What if I get my teeth knocked out?
      • What is a displaced tooth?
      • Prevention of dental injuries
    • Dry Socket A dry socket is a potential complication that can occur when a blood clot in the gums becomes dislodged after a tooth extraction....learn more »
      In This Article
      Dry Socket Article
      • What is a dry socket?
      • What causes a dry socket?
      • Who is at risk for getting a dry socket?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of a dry socket?
      • How is a dry socket diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a dry socket?
      • What is the average healing time for a dry socket?
      • What is the prognosis for a dry socket?
      • Can a dry socket be prevented?
    • Gum Disease Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease...learn more »
      In This Article
      Gum Disease Article
      • What is gum disease (gingivitis)?
      • What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontital disease?
      • What causes gum disease?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
      • How is gum disease diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for gum disease?
      • Are home remedies or natural treatments effective for gum disease?
      • Can gum disease be reversed?
      • Is gum disease associated with other health problems?
      • How is gum disease managed in children?
      • How is gum disease managed in pregnancy?
      • Can gum disease be prevented?
      • Is gum disease contagious?
    • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
      In This Article
      Heart Attack Article
      • Heart attack facts
      • What is a heart attack?
      • What causes a heart attack?
      • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
      • What are the complications of a heart attack?
      • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
      • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for heart attack?
      • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
      • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
      • How is heart attack in women treated?
      • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
      • What is new in heart attack?
    • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) signs and symptoms include headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of...learn more »
    • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
      In This Article
      Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Article
      • What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
      • What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
      • What causes TMJ syndrome?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
      • How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
      • Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
    • Wisdom Teeth Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that people get in their late teens or early twenties. Impacted wisdom teeth that only...learn more »
      In This Article
      Wisdom Teeth Article
      • What are wisdom teeth?
      • How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
      • Do all wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
      • What if the wisdom teeth hurt and they cannot be extracted right away?
      • How is wisdom tooth extraction performed?
      • What is the recovery like after wisdom teeth extraction?
      • What are the potential risks and complications of wisdom teeth extraction?
      • How much does wisdom teeth extraction cost?
Other Causes of Toothache
  • Trauma Injury (to Head or Tooth)
Examples of Medications for Toothache
  • acetaminophen, Tylenol and Others
  • acetylsalicylic acid, Aspirin, Ecotrin
  • celecoxib, Celebrex
  • ibuprofen, Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever etc.
  • naproxen, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn, Aleve
  • Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
  • OTC Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers
  • rofecoxib, Vioxx




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