"If you think you are at risk of getting HIV, ask your health care provider if PrEP is right for you. Along with other prevention methods like condoms, PrEP can offer good protection against HIV if taken every day.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis, "...
Truvada Patient Information including How Should I Take
In this Article
- What is emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- What are the possible side effects of emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- What is the most important information I should know about emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- How should I take emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Truvada)?
- What happens if I overdose (Truvada)?
- What should I avoid while taking emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- What other drugs will affect emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
- Where can I get more information?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
You should not take this medication if you are allergic to emtricitabine (Emtriva) or tenofovir (Viread). Do not take emtricitabine and tenofovir if you also take other medicines that contain emtricitabine, tenofovir, lamivudine, or adefovir (this includes Atripla, Combivir, Complera, Emtriva, Epivir, Epzicom, Hepsera, Trizivir, and Viread).
If you use emtricitabine and tenofovir to reduce your risk of HIV infection: You must have a negative HIV test immediatly before you start taking the medicine. An HIV test is also required every 3 months during treatment.
Do not take emtricitabine and tenofovir to reduce infection risk if you are HIV-positive, if have been exposed to HIV within the past month, or if you had any symptoms (such as fever, night sweats, swollen glands, diarrhea, body aches).
To make sure you can safely take emtricitabine and tenofovir, tell your doctor if you have other medical conditions, especially:
- liver or kidney disease;
- osteopenia (low bone mineral density); or
- if you also have hepatitis B infection.
Some people develop a life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis while taking emtricitabine and tenofovir. You may be more likely to develop lactic acidosis if you are overweight or have liver disease, if you are a woman, or if you have taken HIV or AIDS medications for a long time. Talk with your doctor about your individual risk.
FDA pregnancy category B. Emtricitabine and tenofovir is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby. However, HIV can be passed to your baby if you are not properly treated during pregnancy. Take all of your HIV medicines as directed to control your infection. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.
If you are pregnant, your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry. This is to track the outcome of the pregnancy and to evaluate any effects of emtricitabine and tenofovir on the baby.
You should not breast-feed while you are using this medication to treat or prevent HIV. Women with HIV or AIDS should not breast-feed a baby. Even if your baby is born without HIV, the virus may be passed to the baby in your breast milk.
This medication should not be given to a child younger than 12 years old, or weighing less than 77 pounds.
How should I take emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada)?
Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
Use emtricitabine and tenofovir regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition and not causing harmful effects, your blood will need to be tested often. Your kidney and liver function or bone density may also need to be tested. Visit your doctor regularly.
If you have hepatitis B you may develop liver symptoms after you stop taking this medication, even months after stopping. Your doctor may want to check your liver function for several months after you stop using emtricitabine and tenofovir. Visit your doctor regularly.
HIV/AIDS is usually treated with a combination of drugs. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice. Every person with HIV or AIDS should remain under the care of a doctor.
Store in the original container at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
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