Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- Tularemia facts
- What is tularemia?
- What are the different types of tularemia?
- What causes tularemia?
- What are risk factors for tularemia?
- What are tularemia symptoms and signs?
- Is tularemia contagious, and what is the contagious period for tularemia?
- What is the incubation period for tularemia?
- What types of specialists treat tularemia?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose tularemia?
- What is the treatment for tularemia?
- Are there home remedies for tularemia?
- Is there a vaccine for tularemia?
- What is the prognosis for tularemia?
- Tularemia and bioterrorism
- Where can people find more information about tularemia?
- Find a local Infectious Disease Specialist in your town
What is the treatment for tularemia?
Tularemia is treated with a drug called streptomycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic. The drug is given intramuscularly, twice a day, for one to two weeks. The antibiotic gentamicin is an alternative drug and may be given intravenously. Neither of these drugs is effective against meningitis because they do not penetrate from the bloodstream into the brain. In tularemic meningitis, it may be necessary to put gentamicin directly into the fluid that bathes the brain.
The oral medications doxycycline (Vibramycin) or tetracycline (Sumycin) may work but are less effective than streptomycin. The disease may relapse after treatment with these pills. Other drugs, such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), are effective in the test tube but have not been widely used in patients. However, one outbreak in Spain with 142 patients showed good clinical outcomes with ciprofloxacin; fluoroquinolone antibiotics may be useful in treating tularemia if additional studies show clinical effectiveness.
Learn more about: Sumycin
Are there home remedies for tularemia?
There are no home remedies for tularemia. It is a relatively rare disease but can quickly become fatal (60% of individuals infected may die from it) if not treated with appropriate antimicrobials.
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