Tumor Grade (cont.)
In this Article
- What is a tumor?
- What is tumor grade?
- How is tumor grade determined?
- What do the different tumor grades signify?
- Does the same grading scale apply to all tumors?
- Does tumor grade affect a patient's treatment options?
- Tumor Grade At A Glance
- Find a local Doctor in your town
How is tumor grade determined?
If a tumor is suspected to be malignant, a doctor removes a sample of tissue or the entire tumor in a procedure called a biopsy. A pathologist (a doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells under a microscope) examines the tissue to determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant. The pathologist can also determine the tumor grade and identify other characteristics of the tumor cells.
What do the different tumor grades signify?
Based on the microscopic appearance of cancer cells, pathologists commonly describe tumor grade by four degrees of severity: Grades 1, 2, 3, and 4. The cells of Grade 1 tumors resemble normal cells, and tend to grow and multiply slowly. Grade 1 tumors are generally considered the least aggressive in behavior.
Conversely, the cells of Grade 3 or Grade 4 tumors do not look like normal cells of the same type. Grade 3 and 4 tumors tend to grow rapidly and spread faster than tumors with a lower grade.
|The American Joint Commission on Cancer recommends the following guidelines for grading tumors (1)|
|GX||Grade cannot be assessed (Undetermined grade)|
|G1||Well-differentiated (Low grade)|
|G2||Moderately differentiated (Intermediate grade)|
|G3||Poorly differentiated (High grade)|
|G4||Undifferentiated (High grade)|
Viewers share their comments
Get the latest treatment options.