April 29, 2017
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Tuzistra XR

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Tuzistra XR

TUZISTRA XR
(codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) Extended-Release Oral Suspension

WARNING

DEATH RELATED TO ULTRA-RAPID METABOLISM OF CODEINE TO MORPHINE

Respiratory depression and death have occurred in children who received codeine following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy and had evidence of being ultra-rapid metabolizers of codeine due to a CYP2D6 polymorphism [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

RISKS FROM CONCOMITANT USE WITH BENZODIAZEPINES OR OTHER CNS DEPRESSANTS

Concomitant use of opioids with benzodiazepines or other central nervous system (CNS) depressants, including alcohol, may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS , DRUG INTERACTIONS]. Avoid use of opioid cough medications in patients taking benzodiazepines, other CNS depressants, or alcohol.

DRUG DESCRIPTION

TUZISTRA XR (codeine polistirex and chlorpheniramine polistirex) extended-release oral suspension is a pink to reddish pink, cherry-flavored liquid suspension that contains an opiate agonist antitussive codeine and a histamine-1 (H1) receptor antagonist (antihistamine) chlorpheniramine. Each 5 mL of TUZISTRA XR contains 14.7 mg of codeine (equivalent to 20 mg of codeine phosphate) and 2.8 mg of chlorpheniramine (equivalent to 4 mg of chlorpheniramine maleate) bound to sulfonated styrenedivinylbenzene copolymer (polistirex).

TUZISTRA XR contains the following inactive ingredients: cherry flavor, citric acid, D&C Red No. 30, ethyl maltol, glycerin, methylparaben, polysorbate 80, polyvinyl acetate, povidone, propyl gallate, propylparaben, purified water, sodium citrate, sodium polystyrene sulfonate, starch, sucrose, triacetin, xanthan gum.

Codeine is (5α,6α)-7,8-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-ol, has the following molecular formula, C18H21NO3, and a molecular weight of 299.36. Codeine polistirex is a complex of codeine with sulfonated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer, having the following structural formula:

Codeine - Structural Formula Illustration 1

Chlorpheniramine is γ-(4-chlorophenyl)-N, N-dimethyl-2-pyridinepropanamine, has the following molecular formula, C16H19ClN2, and a molecular weight of 274.80. Chlorpheniramine polistirex is a complex of chlorpheniramine with sulfonated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer, having the following structural formula:

c

Last reviewed on RxList: 3/1/2017
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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