"The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate) capsules to treat adults with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS).
MS is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system"...
- Patient Information:
Details with Side Effects
(natalizumab) Injection for Intravenous Use
Read the Medication Guide given to you before you start TYSABRI and before each infusion. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. Ask your doctor or nurse if you have any questions.
What is the most important information I should know about TYSABRI?
- TYSABRI increases your chance of getting a rare brain infection that usually causes death or severe disability. This infection is called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). If PML happens, it usually happens in people with weakened immune systems.
- No one can predict who will get PML.
- There is no known treatment, prevention, or cure for PML.
- Your chance of getting PML may be higher if you are also
being treated with other medicines that can weaken your immune system,
including other treatments for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Crohn's disease
(CD). You should not take certain medicines that weaken the immune system at
the same time you are taking TYSABRI. Even if you use TYSABRI alone to treat
your MS or CD, you can still get PML.
- Your chance of getting PML increases if you have been exposed to John Cunningham Virus (JCV). JCV is a common virus that is harmless in most people but can cause PML in people who have weakened immune systems, such as people taking Tysabri. Most people who are exposed to JCV do not know it or have any symptoms. This exposure usually happens in childhood.
- If you have been exposed to JCV, your chance of getting
PML increases even more if:
- you have received TYSABRI for a long time, especially longer than 2 years
- you have received certain medicines that can weaken your
immune system before you start receiving TYSABRI
Your doctor may do a blood test to check if you have been exposed to JCV before you start receiving TYSABRI or during your treatment. There may be other risk factors for getting PML during Tysabri treatment that we do not know about yet.
- Your risk of getting PML is greatest if you have all 3 risk factors listed above. Your doctor should discuss the risks and benefits of TYSABRI treatment with you before you decide to receive TYSABRI.
- TYSABRI is available only through a restricted distribution program called the TOUCH® Prescribing Program. In order to receive TYSABRI, you must talk to your doctor and understand the benefits and risks of TYSABRI and agree to all of the instructions in the TOUCH® Prescribing Program.
- If you take TYSABRI, and for 6 months after you stop taking TYSABRI, it is important that you call your doctor right away if you get any new or worsening medical problems (such as a new or sudden change in your thinking, eyesight, balance, or strength or other problems) that have lasted over several days. Tell all of your doctors that you are getting treatment with TYSABRI.
See “What are the possible side effects with TYSABRI?” for other serious side effects with TYSABRI.
What is TYSABRI?
TYSABRI is a prescription medicine approved for:
1. Adult patients with relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) to:
- Slow the worsening of disability that is common in patients with MS and,
- Decrease the number of flare-ups (relapses)
Because of the chance of getting PML, TYSABRI is generally recommended for patients that have not been helped enough by, or cannot tolerate another treatment for MS.
2. Adult patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease:
- To reduce signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease
- In patients who have not been helped enough by, or cannot tolerate usual Crohn's disease medicines and medicines called tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors.
- TYSABRI does not cure MS or Crohn's disease.
- TYSABRI has not been studied for use longer than 2 years.
- TYSABRI has not been studied in patients with chronic progressive MS.
- It is not known if patients older than 65 years have a different response to TYSABRI.
- TYSABRI is not approved for use in patients under age 18.
TYSABRI is only:
- prescribed by doctors who are enrolled in the TOUCH® Prescribing Program
- infused at an infusion center that is enrolled in the TOUCH® Prescribing Program
- given to patients who are enrolled in the TOUCH® Prescribing Program
Who should not receive TYSABRI?
Do not receive TYSABRI if you:
- have PML
- are allergic to TYSABRI
TYSABRI is not recommended if you:
- have a medical condition that can weaken your immune system such as HIV infection or AIDS, leukemia or lymphoma, or an organ transplant, and others.
- are taking medicines that can weaken your immune system. Talk with your doctor about all of the medicines you take or have taken.
If you have questions about any of the above, talk to your doctor.
What should I tell my doctor and nurse before receiving each infusion of TYSABRI?
Tell your doctor and nurse about all of your medical conditions. Tell them if you:
- have any new or worsening medical problems (such as a new or sudden change in your thinking, eyesight, balance, or strength or other problems) that have lasted several days
- have had hives, itching or trouble breathing during or after an infusion of TYSABRI
- have a fever or infection (including shingles or any unusually long lasting infection)
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. TYSABRI can pass into your milk. It is not known if the TYSABRI that passes into breast milk can harm your baby.
- Tell your doctor and nurse about all of the medicines you are taking, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.
- Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them with you to show your doctor and nurse. The nurse may ask to see this list before every TYSABRI infusion.
How do I receive TYSABRI?
- TYSABRI is given once every four weeks through a needle placed in a vein (IV infusion).
- You must follow all the instructions of the TOUCH® Prescribing
Program. Before you can begin to receive TYSABRI, your doctor or nurse will:
- explain the TOUCH® Prescribing Program to you
- have you sign the TOUCH® Prescriber/Patient Enrollment Form
- Before every TYSABRI infusion you will be asked a series of questions to confirm that TYSABRI is still right for you.
- Call your doctor who prescribes TYSABRI right away to report any medical problems that keep getting worse and last several days.
What are the possible side effects of TYSABRI?
TYSABRI increases your chance of getting a rare brain infection that usually causes death or severe disability. This infection is called progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). If PML happens, it usually happens in people with weakened immune systems. (see “What is the most important information I should know about TYSABRI?”)
Other serious side effects with TYSABRI include:
- Infections. TYSABRI may increase your chance of getting an unusual or serious infection because TYSABRI can weaken your immune system.
- Allergic reactions including serious allergic reactions. Symptoms can include:
- Serious allergic reactions usually happen within 2 hours of the start of the infusion, but they can happen at any time after receiving TYSABRI.
- Tell your doctor or nurse right away if you have any symptom of an allergic reaction, even if it happens after you leave the infusion center. You may need treatment if you are having an allergic reaction.
- Liver damage. TYSABRI may cause liver damage. Symptoms can include:
- yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- unusual darkening of the urine
- feeling tired or weak
Blood tests can be done to check for liver damage. Call your doctor right away if you have symptoms of liver damage.
Other side effects with TYSABRI include:
- feeling tired
- urinary tract infection
- joint pain
- lung infection
- pain in your arm and legs
- nose and throat infections
- stomach area pain
Tell your doctor about any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the side effects with TYSABRI. Ask your doctor for more information.
General information about the safe and effective use of TYSABRI
This Medication Guide provides a summary of the most important information about TYSABRI. If you would like more information or have any questions, talk with your doctor or nurse. You can ask your doctor or nurse for information about TYSABRI that is written for healthcare professionals. You can also call 1-800-456-2255 or visit www.TYSABRI.com.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800FDA-1088.
What are the ingredients in TYSABRI?
Active ingredient: natalizumab
Inactive Ingredients: sodium chloride, sodium phosphate, monobasic, monohydrate; sodium phosphate, dibasic, heptahydrate; polysorbate 80, and water for injection.
Last reviewed on RxList: 6/14/2013
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.
Additional Tysabri Information
Tysabri - User Reviews
Tysabri User Reviews
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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