Ulcerative Colitis Diet Plan
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
Bhupinder S. Anand, MBBS, MD, DPHIL (OXON)
Dr. Anand received MBBS degree from Medical College Amritsar, University of Punjab. He completed his Internal Medicine residency at the Postgraduate Institute of medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. He was trained in the field of Gastroenterology and obtained the DPhil degree. Dr. Anand is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology.
- What is ulcerative colitis?
- What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
- What causes ulcerative colitis?
- What is an ulcerative colitis diet?
- 19 trigger foods to avoid with an ulcerative colitis diet plan
- What foods help manage and soothe ulcerative colitis flares?
- How can I track foods that cause flare-ups and trigger symptoms of my ulcerative colitis?
- What other things trigger ulcerative colitis symptoms and flare-ups?
- Which specialties of health-care professionals prescribe an ulcerative colitis diet?
- Find a local Doctor in your town
What is ulcerative colitis?
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon) and the rectum and sores (ulcers) on the inner lining of the large intestine. Ulcerative colitis is thought to be an autoimmune disease, that is, one where the body attacks itself. It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is not the same as Crohn's disease, another type of IBD, which can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract whereas ulcerative colitis only affects the colon and rectum. It is also not the same as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which affects how the colon functions and does not cause inflammation.
Ulcerative colitis is estimated to affect nearly 600,000 Americans, and it affects males slightly more often than females. The disease is most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 40.
What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis include
- feeling an urgent need to take a bowel movement,
- abdominal pain and cramping,
- loss of appetite,
- weight loss,
- rectal bleeding and
- anemia (low red blood cell count).
What causes ulcerative colitis?
The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown but it is believed to be caused by a combination of several factors including an overactive immune system, genetics, and the environment.
- Overactive immune system: It is believed that in ulcerative colitis, the immune system is triggered to mistakenly attack the inner lining of the large intestine, causing inflammation and symptoms of ulcerative colitis.
- Genetics: Ulcerative colitis can run in families. The genetic link is not entirely clear but studies show that up to 20% of people with ulcerative colitis have a close family member with the disease.
- Environment: Certain environmental factors including taking certain medications (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, antibiotics, and oral contraceptives), and eating a high fat diet may slightly increase the risk of developing ulcerative colitis.
Physical or emotional stress, and certain foods do not cause ulcerative colitis, however, they may trigger symptoms in a person who has ulcerative colitis.
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