Urinary Tract Infection (cont.)
Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
- What causes a urinary tract infection?
- What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
- When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
- How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
- Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
- What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
- What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
- Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
- What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
- Take the UTI Quiz
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Slideshow
- Urinary Incontinence in Women - Slideshow
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Adults FAQs
What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
Follow a health-care professional's treatment recommendations. Finish all medications even if feeling better before the medication is gone. A health-care professional will want the patient to have a follow-up appointment to repeat the urinalysis and make sure he or she is getting better.
- Children and adults with kidney involvement should be seen again in one to two days.
- People recovering from uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections should be seen within one week.
Occasionally, the infection does not go away with the first treatment. If someone is being treated for an infection and has any of the following, call a health-care professional promptly:
- Fever or pain with urination is not gone after two days of antibiotic treatment.
- Someone cannot keep the medication down or it has severe side effects.
- Someone is unable to keep foods, fluids, or medication down because of nausea or vomiting.
- Someone develops signs of kidney involvement (such as flank pain, shaking chills, high fever).
- Someone's symptoms are worse rather than better after two days of antibiotics.
Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
Women and girls should wipe from front to back (not back to front) after bowel movements. This helps prevent bacteria from the anus entering the urethra.
Empty the bladder regularly and completely, especially after sexual intercourse.
Drink plenty of fluids. Cranberry juice, especially, has been shown to help prevent urinary tract infections. There is evidence that cranberries reduce the risk of the bacteria's adhesion to bladder cells.
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