Urinary Tract Infection (cont.)
Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
- What causes a urinary tract infection?
- Are urinary tract infections contagious?
- What are urinary tract infection symptoms and signs?
- When should people seek medical care for a UTI?
- How do physicians diagnose a urinary tract infection?
- Are there home remedies for a urinary tract infection?
- What is the treatment for a urinary tract infection?
- What follow-up is needed for a urinary tract infection?
- Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
- What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
- Take the UTI Quiz
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Slideshow
- Urinary Incontinence in Women - Slideshow
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Adults FAQs
Is it possible to prevent a urinary tract infection?
Women and girls should wipe from front to back (not back to front) after bowel movements. This helps prevent bacteria from the anus entering the urethra.
Empty the bladder regularly and completely, especially after sexual intercourse.
Drink plenty of fluids. Cranberry juice, especially, has been shown to help prevent urinary tract infections. There is evidence that cranberries reduce the risk of the bacteria's adhesion to bladder cells.
What is the prognosis of a urinary tract infection?
For people with uncomplicated cystitis or pyelonephritis, antibiotic treatment usually brings complete resolution of the infection.
If not treated promptly, urinary tract infections can cause permanent scarring of the urinary tract.
Pyelonephritis, if not treated promptly, can spread to the bloodstream and cause a very severe infection.
- Short-term and long-term kidney damage can be a result of pyelonephritis.
- Death from pyelonephritis is rare in otherwise healthy people.
- Factors associated with poor outcome are old age or general debility, kidney stones, recent hospitalization, diabetes, sickle cell disease, cancer, or chronic kidney disease.
Shaikh, N., N.E. Morone, J. Lopez, J. Chianese, S. Sangvai, F. D'Amico, A. Hoberman A, and E.R. Wald. "Does This Child Have a Urinary Tract Infection?" JAMA 298.24 Dec. 26, 2007 : 2895-2904.
St. John, A., J.C. Boyd, A.J. Lowes, and C.P. Price. "The Use of Urinary Dipstick Tests to Exclude Urinary Tract Infection: A Systematic Review of the Literature." Am J Clin Pathol 126.3 Sept. 2006: 428-436.
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