Urinary Tract Infections in Children (cont.)
John Mersch, MD, FAAP
Dr. Mersch received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego, and prior to entering the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, was a graduate student (attaining PhD candidate status) in Experimental Pathology at USC. He attended internship and residency at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children facts
- What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
- What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
- What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
- What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
- What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose UTIs in children?
- Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
- How long do UTIs in children last?
- Are UTIs in children contagious?
- What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
- Is it possible to prevent UTIs in children?
- What is the prognosis for UTIs in children?
- Find a local Pediatrician in your town
What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
Bacteria cause the large majority of urinary tract infections in children. Viral infection of the bladder is less common, while fungal infections of the urinary tract are rare and occur most commonly in immunocompromised individuals (for example, those with HIV/AIDS, chemotherapy recipients).
What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
Risk factors predisposing for childhood UTIs include the following:
- Male gender, especially uncircumcised infants
- Poor toilet habits: Children should be encouraged to urinate every two to three hours.
- Poor toilet hygiene: Females should always wipe front to back to avoid introduction of stool bacteria to the urethral opening.
- Individuals with a compromised immune system or compromised bladder function (for example, spinal cord injury victims who require self-catheterization)
- Sexual activity
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