August 29, 2016
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Urinary Tract Infections in Children (cont.)

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What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?

Bacteria cause the large majority of urinary tract infections in children. Viral infection of the bladder is less common, while fungal infections of the urinary tract are rare and occur most commonly in immunocompromised individuals (for example, those with HIV/AIDS, chemotherapy recipients).

What are risk factors for UTIs in children?

Risk factors predisposing for childhood UTIs include the following:

  1. Male gender, especially uncircumcised infants
  2. Poor toilet habits: Children should be encouraged to urinate every two to three hours.
  3. Poor toilet hygiene: Females should always wipe front to back to avoid introduction of stool bacteria to the urethral opening.
  4. Individuals with a compromised immune system or compromised bladder function (for example, spinal cord injury victims who require self-catheterization)
  5. Sexual activity
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/26/2016


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