Urinary Tract Infections in Children (cont.)
John Mersch, MD, FAAP
Dr. Mersch received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, San Diego, and prior to entering the University Of Southern California School Of Medicine, was a graduate student (attaining PhD candidate status) in Experimental Pathology at USC. He attended internship and residency at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children facts
- What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
- What causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
- What are risk factors for UTIs in children?
- What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
- What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose UTIs in children?
- Are there any home remedies for UTIs in children?
- How long do UTIs in children last?
- Are UTIs in children contagious?
- What is the treatment for UTIs in children?
- Is it possible to prevent UTIs in children?
- What is the prognosis for UTIs in children?
- Find a local Pediatrician in your town
What are symptoms and signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children?
Characteristic symptoms of a urinary tract infection include
- pain with urination (dysuria),
- urinary frequency (needing to urinate frequently),
- urinary urgency (feeling a compelling urge to urinate), and
- loss of previously established urinary control (for example, bedwetting).
Nonspecific but common symptoms include fever (especially >102.2 F or 39 C) and abdominal pain. For some children less than 2 years of age, these more subtle problems may be the only indicator of a UTI. Associated symptoms of concern include flank pain, fever, and vomiting. Obvious blood in the urine (gross hematuria) as well as a positive family history for childhood urinary tract infections (especially in siblings) are also red flags and should raise the level of concern. Interestingly, the odor and color (with the exception of obvious blood) of the urine are not predictors of a UTI.
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What type of doctors treat UTIs in children?
Most children with a UTI can be appropriately managed by their pediatrician. If kidney function is compromised, a pediatric nephrologist should be consulted. Similarly, if anatomical problems are discovered, a pediatric urologic surgeon (urologist) should help guide the child's evaluation and management.
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