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Uterine Cancer (cont.)

Treatment Options by Stage

Stage I Endometrial Cancer

Treatment of stage I endometrial cancer may include the following:

  • Surgery (total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdomen may also be removed and viewed under a microscope to check for cancer cells.
  • Surgery (total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, with or without removal of lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdomen) followed by internal or external radiation therapy to the pelvis. After surgery, a plastic cylinder containing a source of radiation may be placed in the vagina to kill any remaining cancer cells.
  • Radiation therapy alone for patients who cannot have surgery.
  • Surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy in stage I endometrial cancer that is likely to recur (come back).
  • Clinical trials of new types of treatment.

Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Stage II Endometrial Cancer

Treatment of stage II endometrial cancer may include the following:

  • Surgery (radical hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). Lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdomen may also be removed and viewed under a microscope to check for cancer cells. Radiation therapy may follow surgery.
  • Surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy in stage II endometrial cancer that is likely to recur (come back).
  • Clinical trials of new types of treatment.

Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Stage III Endometrial Cancer

Treatment of stage III endometrial cancer may include the following:

  • Surgery (radical hysterectomy and removal of lymph nodes in the pelvis so they can be viewed under a microscope to check for cancer cells) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy combined with internal and external radiation therapy for patients who cannot have surgery.
  • Hormone therapy for patients who cannot have surgery or radiation therapy.
  • Combination chemotherapy with or without biologic therapy.
  • Clinical trials of new types of treatment.

Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Stage IV Endometrial Cancer

Treatment of stage IV endometrial cancer may include the following:

  • Surgery followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • Internal and external radiation therapy for patients who cannot have surgery.
  • Hormone therapy for patients whose cancer has spread to distant parts of the body (such as the lungs).
  • Combination chemotherapy with or without biologic therapy.
  • Clinical trials of targeted therapy.
  • Clinical trials of chemotherapy.

Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/15/2016

Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/uterine_cancer/article.htm

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