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Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Normal vaginal bleeding is the periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the woman's uterus. Normal vaginal bleeding is also called menorrhea. The process by which menorrhea occurs is called menstruation.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding is a flow of blood from the vagina that occurs either at the wrong time during the month or in inappropriate amounts.
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Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.
Main Article on Vaginal Bleeding
Causes of Vaginal Bleeding
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Other Causes of Vaginal Bleeding
- Cervix-related (Cervicitis, Cervical Polyp)
- Medical Illnesses (Clotting Disorders, Hyperprolactinemia, Kidney Disease, Liver Disease, Thyroid or Adrenal Dysfunction)
- Medications (both Prescription and Non-prescription)
- Ovary or Fallopian Tube-related (Ovarian Tumors, Salpingo-oophoritis)
- Uterus-related (Adenomyosis, Endometrial Hyperplasia, Endometrial Polyp, Endometritis, Fibroids, Intrauterine Device/IUD)
- Vulvar or Vaginal-related (Coitus, Foreign Body in Vagina, Vaginal Tumor, Vulvitis)
Examples of Medications for Vaginal Bleeding
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