Vaginitis Overview (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
John P. Cunha, DO, is a U.S. board-certified Emergency Medicine Physician. Dr. Cunha's educational background includes a BS in Biology from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and a DO from the Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences in Kansas City, MO. He completed residency training in Emergency Medicine at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey.
In this Article
- Vaginitis facts
- What is vaginitis?
- What causes vaginitis?
- What are the risk factors for vaginitis?
- What are the symptoms of vaginitis?
- How is vaginitis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for vaginitis?
- Medications to treat vaginitis
- Can vaginitis be prevented?
- What is the prognosis for vaginitis?
- Find a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
Can vaginitis be prevented?
Vaginitis due to STDs can be prevented by practicing safe sex or abstinence. It is not possible to prevent all cases of yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis. Attention to hygiene practices and avoiding spread of fecal material to the vagina may help prevent vaginitis in young girls.
What is the prognosis for vaginitis?
Most cases of vaginitis do not cause long-term problems when properly treated. If untreated, vaginal infections may spread to other pelvic organs, a condition known as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can be serious and result in impaired fertility. Sometimes, vaginitis recurs even after successful treatment, and another course of treatment is necessary.
Vaginitis that develops during pregnancy should be treated to avoid potential harm to the mother and fetus. Bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy has been linked to premature labor and birth as well as amniotic fluid infection, and should be treated with antibiotics. STDs that occur in pregnant women should also be promptly treated to avoid complications for the mother or baby.
Medically reviewed by Steven Nelson, MD; Board Certified Obstetrics and Gynecology
CDC.gov. Bacterial Vaginosis Fact Sheet.
CDC.gov. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).
MedscapeReference.com. Vaginitis Treatment & Management
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