Valley Fever (cont.)
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) facts
- What is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- What causes valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- What are the symptoms and signs of valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- How is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- What is the prognosis (outcome) for valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- What are the risk factors for developing valley fever (coccidioidomycosis)?
- Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
- Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
- Where can one find more information on valley fever?
Can valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) be prevented?
Research is progressing at several laboratories, but to date there is no vaccine available to prevent coccidioidomycosis in humans. People who live in endemic areas (see map in the last Web citation) of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas are likely to be exposed to the organisms since they occur in soil and dust. People who are more susceptible to the disease (for example, immunosuppressed people such as those with HIV/AIDS or cancer, the elderly, and pregnant females) should avoid new construction sites and stay indoors on dusty days. Soil in these areas can be moistened to prevent dust formation, and some investigators suggest that susceptible people should wear dust masks if dust exposure is likely. People who get the disease usually develop immunity to it, and unless their immune system is compromised, will not get the disease again.
Is valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) contagious?
Valley fever is not contagious person to person. People only become infected when they inhale arthroconidia (spores) of Coccidioides that settle in the lungs. Spores are easily disturbed and become airborne mixed with dust, especially on dusty, windy days and in areas where soil has been recently disturbed by construction or similar actions.
Where can one find more information on valley fever?
In California, Kern County has in 2013 developed a web site devoted to valley fever because it is endemic. People who live there have about a 1%-3% chance per year of becoming infected.
CDC.gov. Valley Fever: Awareness is the Key. <http://www.cdc.gov/features/valleyfever/http://www.cdc.gov/features/valleyfever/>.
Correctional News. California Inmates Sue State Over Valley Fever, Again (08/20/2014). <http://www.correctionalnews.com/articles/2014/08/20/california-inmates-sue-state-over-valley-fever-again>.
Hospenthal, Duane R. "Coccidioidomycosis." Medscape.com. Sept. 13, 2013. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/215978-overview>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)." Oct. 21, 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/coccidioidomycosis/>.
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