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Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) (cont.)

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What is the treatment for a vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection?

VRE are resistant to a wide array of antibiotics. Fortunately, newer antibiotics have been developed to bridge this gap, but sometimes they must be used in combination with other antibiotics. Most microbiological laboratories will supply the physician treating the patient with a list of antibiotics the VRE are resistant and susceptible to. If the laboratory does not or cannot provide an alternative antibiotic for VRE treatment, the state lab or the CDC should be notified as they may be able to provide additional help and suggestions for treatment. Currently, clinicians have had some success in treating VRE with combinations of teicoplanin (Teichomycin) and amoxicillin (Amoxil, Dispermox, Trimox) or a combination of ampicillin (Omnipen, Polycillin, Principen), imipenem, and vancomycin (Vancocin). Linezolid, daptomycin, tigecycline and teicoplanin are additional antimicrobials that have been used with some success against various VRE strains. However, VRE antibiotic susceptibility tests done for each infection should help guide the selection of treatment protocols. In addition, consultation with an infectious-disease expert is usually done.

Other procedures can augment the antimicrobial treatment of VRE-infected patients. If there is a collection of pus, such as an abscess, it is important that it be drained. If the infection is associated with an intravenous line, the line should be removed if at all possible. Similarly, it is desirable to remove urinary catheters to facilitate treatment of the urinary tract. Patients who are colonized but not infected do not require treatment. There is no established way to eradicate colonization of the stool once it occurs.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/22/2014

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Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE) - Treatments Question: What treatment has been effective for your VRE infection?
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Source: MedicineNet.com
http://www.medicinenet.com/vancomycin-resistant_enterococci_vre/article.htm

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