April 26, 2017
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Viekira XR

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Viekira XR

VIEKIRA XR
(dasabuvir, ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir) Extended-Release Tablets for Oral Use

WARNING

RISK OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION IN PATIENTS COINFECTED WITH HCV AND HBV

Test all patients for evidence of current or prior hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection before initiating treatment with VIEKIRA XR. HBV reactivation has been reported in HCV/HBV coinfected patients who were undergoing or had completed treatment with HCV direct acting antivirals and were not receiving HBV antiviral therapy. Some cases have resulted in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death. Monitor HCV/HBV coinfected patients for hepatitis flare or HBV reactivation during HCV treatment and post-treatment followup. Initiate appropriate patient management for HBV infection as clinically indicated [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

DRUG DESCRIPTION

VIEKIRA XR fixed dose combination, extended-release tablet includes a hepatitis C virus nonnucleoside NS5B palm polymerase inhibitor (dasabuvir), a hepatitis C virus NS5A inhibitor (ombitasvir), a hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease inhibitor (paritaprevir), and a CYP3A inhibitor (ritonavir) that inhibits CYP3A mediated metabolism of paritaprevir, thereby providing increased plasma concentration of paritaprevir. The tablets are for oral administration.

Dasabuvir

The chemical name of dasabuvir is Sodium 3-(3-tert-butyl-4-methoxy-5-{6- [(methylsulfonyl)amino]naphthalene-2-yl}phenyl)-2,6-dioxo-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ide hydrate (1:1:1). The molecular formula is C26H26N3O5S•Na•H2O (salt, hydrate) and the molecular weight of the drug substance is 533.57 (salt, hydrate). The drug substance is white to pale yellow to pink powder, slightly soluble in water and very slightly soluble in methanol and isopropyl alcohol. Dasabuvir has the following molecular structure:

Dasabuvir - Structural Formula Illustration

Ombitasvir

The chemical name of ombitasvir is Dimethyl ([(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl) pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl]bis{benzene-4,1-diylcarbamoyl(2S)pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl[(2S)-3-methyl-1-oxobutane-1,2- diyl]})biscarbamate hydrate. The molecular formula is C50H67N7O8•4.5H2O (hydrate) and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 975.20 (hydrate). The drug substance is white to light yellow to light pink powder, and is practically insoluble in aqueous buffers but is soluble in ethanol. Ombitasvir has the following molecular structure:

Ombitasvir - Structural Formula Illustration

Paritaprevir

The chemical name of paritaprevir is (2R,6S,12Z,13aS,14aR,16aS)-N-(cyclopropylsulfonyl)-6- {[(5-methylpyrazin-2-yl)carbonyl]amino}-5,16-dioxo-2-(phenanthridin-6-yloxy)- 1,2,3,6,7,8,9,10,11,13a,14,15,16,16a-tetradecahydrocyclopropa[e]pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4] diazacyclopentadecine-14a(5H)-carboxamide dihydrate. The molecular formula is C40H43N7O7S•2H2O (dihydrate) and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 801.91 (dihydrate). The drug substance is white to off-white powder with very low water solubility. Paritaprevir has the following molecular structure:

Paritaprevir - Structural Formula Illustration

Ritonavir

The chemical name of ritonavir is [5S-(5R*,8R*,10R*,11R*)]10-Hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(1- methyethyl)-1-[2-(1-methylethyl)-4-thiazolyl]-3,6-dioxo-8,11-bis(phenylmethyl)-2,4,7,12- tetraazatridecan-13-oic acid,5-thiazolylmethyl ester. The molecular formula is C37H48N6O5S2 and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 720.95. The drug substance is white to off white to light tan powder practically insoluble in water and freely soluble in methanol and ethanol. Ritonavir has the following molecular structure:

Ritonavir - Structural Formula Illustration

Dasabuvir, Ombitasvir, Paritaprevir, Ritonavir Film-Coated Bilayer Tablets

Dasabuvir, ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir film-coated bilayer tablets consist of an extended release (ER) layer and an immediate release (IR) layer. The ER layer contains 200 mg dasabuvir (equivalent to 216.2 mg of dasabuvir sodium monohydrate). The ER layer of the tablet also contains copovidone, K value 28, hypromellose 2208, 17,700 (mPa*s), colloidal silicon dioxide/colloidal anhydrous silica and magnesium stearate. The IR layer contains 8.33 mg ombitasvir, 50 mg paritaprevir and 33.33 mg ritonavir. Strength of ombitasvir and paritaprevir in the drug product are expressed on the anhydrous basis. The IR layer of the tablet also contains copovidone, K value 28, vitamin E polyethylene glycol succinate, propylene glycol monolaurate, sorbitan monolaurate, colloidal silicon dioxide/colloidal anhydrous silica. The tablet coating contains hypromellose (6 mPa*s), hypromellose (15 mPa*s), polyethylene glycol 400, hydroxypropyl cellulose, polysorbate 80, polyethylene glycol 3350/macrogol 4000, talc, titanium dioxide, colloidal silicon dioxide/colloidal anhydrous silica and iron oxide yellow.

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/7/2017
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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