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Vivotif Oral Patient Information including How Should I Take
In this Article
- What is typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- What are the possible side effects of typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- What is the most important information I should know about typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- How is typhoid vaccine given (Vivotif Oral)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Vivotif Oral)?
- What happens if I overdose (Vivotif Oral)?
- What should I avoid before or after getting typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- What other drugs will affect typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
- Where can I get more information?
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving typhoid vaccine (Vivotif Oral)?
Typhoid vaccine should not be used in a person who is a typhoid carrier.
You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to typhoid vaccine in the past, or if you have:
- fever with any type of infection or illness;
- a weak immune system caused by disease such as HIV/AIDS or cancer; or
- a weak immune system caused by using certain medicines such as chemotherapy.
You may not be able to receive this vaccine if you have:
- stomach flu or any illness with vomiting or diarrhea;
- if you are taking an antibiotic, especially a sulfa drug such as sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Sulfazine), sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Cotrim, Septra, SMX-TMP), or sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin); or
- if you plan to start taking an anti-malaria medication within 10 days after receiving a typhoid oral vaccine.
You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, the doctor may ask you to wait until you get better before you can receive the vaccine.
Vaccines may be harmful to an unborn baby and generally should not be given to a pregnant woman. However, not vaccinating the mother could be more harmful to the baby if the mother becomes infected with a disease that this vaccine could prevent. Your doctor will decide whether you should receive this vaccine, especially if you have a high risk of infection with typhoid.
It is not known whether typhoid vaccine passes into breast milk, or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not receive this vaccine without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How is typhoid vaccine given (Vivotif Oral)?
Typhoid vaccine is recommended for adults and children in the following situations:
- people who travel to countries where typhoid fever is common;
- people who will have long-term exposure to food or water that may be contaminated with typhoid;
- people who live with someone who is a typhoid carrier; and
- laboratory workers who may come into contact with Salmonella typhi in a work setting.
The typhoid oral vaccine is given in a series of 4 capsules that are taken 1 per day on alternating days (days 1, 3, 5, and 7). On this alternating-day schedule, you will take 1 capsule every 48 hours for 7 days. You must take each capsule according to the recommended schedule for this vaccine to be effective.
You should complete all doses at least 1 week before your scheduled travel or possible exposure to typhoid.
You must keep typhoid vaccine capsules cold when not in use. Once you receive the capsules from your doctor or pharmacy, take them directly home and place them in the refrigerator. Keep each capsule in the foil blister pack in the refrigerator until you are ready to take it. Do not allow the capsules to freeze.
Take the capsule on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before a meal.
Swallow the capsule as quickly as possible after placing it in your mouth. Take with a full glass of cold or lukewarm water or other beverage. Do not use warm or hot drinks such as coffee, tea, or warm milk. The liquid you use to help swallow the typhoid vaccine capsule should not be warmer than your body temperature (98.6 degrees F).
Do not crush, chew, or break a typhoid vaccine capsule. Swallow the pill whole. The enteric-coated pill has a special coating to release the vaccine slowly into your body. Breaking the pill could damage this coating.
The complete series of 4 vaccine capsules should provide protection against typhoid for up to 5 years. Another series of 4 capsules is then recommended every 5 years during possible exposure to typhoid. Your individual booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor's instructions or the schedule recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Be sure you receive all recommended doses of this vaccine. If you do not receive the full series of capsules every 5 years during continued exposure, you may not be fully protected against the disease.
Wash your hands often to help prevent typhoid when you are in an area where contamination is possible.
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