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Voluven Side Effects Center
Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Voluven (6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% sodium chloride) Injection is a synthetic colloid for use in plasma volume replacement used to treat abnormal decrease in the volume of blood plasma (hypovolemia). Common side effects of Voluven include itching, increased or decreased heart rate, flu-like symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, vomiting, chills, or fever.
The adult dose of Voluven is up to 50 mL per kg of body weight per day (equivalent to 3 g hydroxyethyl starch and 7.7 mEq sodium per kg of body weight). No interactions with other drugs or nutritional products are known. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use. During pregnancy, Voluven should be used only if prescribed. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Our Voluven (6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% sodium chloride) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is Prescribing information?
The FDA package insert formatted in easy-to-find categories for health professionals and clinicians.
Voluven FDA Prescribing Information: Side Effects
Overall Adverse Reaction Profile
Serious adverse reactions reported in clinical trials were increased mortality and need for renal replacement therapy in critically ill patients including sepsis.
The most common adverse reactions after administration of Voluven® occurring in more than 1% of patients are: pruritus (itching; ≥1% to <10%), elevation of serum amylase (≥1% to <10%; can interfere with the diagnosis of pancreatitis), and dilutional effects that may result in decreased levels of coagulation factors and other plasma proteins and in a decrease of hematocrit (≥1% to <10%).
Anaphylactoid reactions occur rarely in <0.1% after administration of hydroxyethyl starch solutions. Disturbances of blood coagulation beyond dilution effects can occur rarely in <0.1% depending on the dosage with the administration of hydroxyethyl starch solutions2.
Adverse Reactions In Clinical Trials
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug or another patient population and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
During clinical development, a total of 899 subjects received the hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 drug substance contained in Voluven® at different concentrations (2%, 4%, 6%, or 10%) and at cumulative doses of several mL up to 66 L1. Of these 899 subjects, 602 were exposed to Voluven® (i.e., 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4). The mean duration of treatment with hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 was 3.7 ± 3.1 days, mean cumulative doses were 3185 ± 3498 mL, and the longest follow-up period was 90 days.
In 100 subjects undergoing elective orthopedic surgery Voluven® was administered in 49 subjects and hetastarch (6% hydroxyethyl starch in 0.9% sodium chloride injection) in 51 subjects for intraoperative volume replacement7. Mean infusion volumes were 1613 ± 778 mL for Voluven® and 1584 ± 958 mL for hetastarch.
Adverse reactions observed in at least 1% of subjects: In the orthopedic surgery trial conducted in the US, no significant differences in serious adverse reactions were noted overall between the two treatment arms. A possible relationship to Voluven® was reported in five cases among three subjects (aPTT elevated, PT prolonged, wound hemorrhage, anemia, pruritus). A possible relationship to hetastarch was reported in five subjects (three cases of coagulopathy; two cases of pruritus). The three coagulopathy cases in the hetastarch group were serious and occurred in subjects receiving more than the labeled ceiling dose (20 mL/kg), which is known to increase the risk of bleeding, whereas no serious coagulopathy occurred in the Voluven® group. Since EBL for the two treatment arms was not statistically different (95% confidence interval included unity), the difference observed for Factor VIII (see Table 1, below) must be interpreted with caution. An exploratory analysis of total erythrocyte volume transfused (8.0 mL/kg vs. 13.8 mL/kg, Voluven® vs. hetastarch, respectively) must also be viewed with caution.
Table 1: Safety Variables for the Orthopedic Surgery Trial conducted in the US
|Mean||Ratio VOLUVEN / Hetastarch|
|Calculated red blood cell loss [L]*||1.17||1.31||0.910||[0.720; 1.141]|
|Factor VIII [%]*||100.5||81.4||1.244||[1.000; 1.563]|
|von Willebrand factor [%]*||97.7||88.7||1.128||[0.991; 1.285]|
|Fresh frozen plasma [mL]*||72||144||0.723||[0.000; 2.437]|
A safety profile of Voluven® at least as favorable as for pentastarch was also demonstrated in studies where Voluven® was administered at doses higher (up to 50 mL/kg or 3 g/kg) than for pentastarch (up to 33 mL/kg or 2 g/kg) in clinical settings where large or repetitive doses were administered.
Three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) followed critically ill adult patients treated with different HES products for 90 days.
One trial (N=804) in severe sepsis patients using an HES product not licensed in the U.S. reported increased mortality (relative risk, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.36; p=0.03) and RRT (relative risk, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.80; p=0.04) in the HES treatment arm8.
Another trial (N=196) using Voluven® in severe sepsis patients reported no difference in mortality (relative risk, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.74; p=0.33) and a trend for RRT (relative risk, 1.83; 95% CI, 0.93 to 3.59; p=0.06) in HES patients9.
A third trial (N=7000) using Voluven® in a heterogeneous population of critically ill patients admitted to the ICU reported no difference in mortality (relative risk, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.96 to 1.18; p=0.26) but increased use of RRT (relative risk, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.45; p=0.04) in HES patients10.
Because adverse reactions are reported voluntarily post-approval from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate the frequency or establish a causal relationship to product exposure.
Among the very rarely occurring serious adverse drug reactions in patients treated with Voluven®, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid/hypersensitivity reactions or hypotension/shock/circulatory collapse were most frequently reported.
The following adverse reactions have been identified and reported during the post-approval use of different HES products in critically ill adult patients, including patients with sepsis:
Renal: need for renal replacement therapy.
Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Voluven (Hydroxyethyl Starch in Sodium Chloride Injection)
Additional Voluven Information
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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